2,778 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Glia actively sculpt sensory neurons by controlled phagocytosis to tune animal behavior

    Stephan Raiders et al.
    A peripheral sense-organ glia actively engulfs fragments of a sensory neuron ending to modify neuron shape and associated animal sensory behavior in Caenorhabditis elegans..
    1. Ecology
    2. Neuroscience

    BiteOscope, an open platform to study mosquito biting behavior

    Felix JH Hol et al.
    A new tool to visualize blood-feeding mosquitoes in high resolution and quantitatively characterize their behavior sheds light on contact-dependent sensing and blood-feeding dynamics of several medically relevant mosquito species.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Microtubules originate asymmetrically at the somatic golgi and are guided via Kinesin2 to maintain polarity within neurons

    Amrita Mukherjee et al.
    The somatic Golgi acts as an asymmetric MTOC within Drosophila neurons, and this, together with the action Kinesin-2, helps maintain minus-end-out microtubule polarity with proximal dendrites.
    1. Cell Biology

    Membrane fluidity is regulated by the C. elegans transmembrane protein FLD-1 and its human homologs TLCD1/2

    Mario Ruiz et al.
    Inhibition of C. elegans FLD-1 or Human TLCD1/2 prevents saturated fat lipotoxicity by allowing increased levels of membrane phospholipids that contain fluidizing long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dopaminergic neurons write and update memories with cell-type-specific rules

    Yoshinori Aso, Gerald M Rubin
    Building on previous work (Aso et al., 2014a; Aso et al., 2014b), cell-type-specific drivers and optogenetics are used to control the local release of dopamine and reveal that distinct learning rules are implemented in parallel memory units.
    1. Ecology
    2. Neuroscience

    Dopamine drives Drosophila sechellia adaptation to its toxic host

    Sofía Lavista-Llanos et al.
    The insect dopaminergic system serves an important function in the regulation of ontogenesis and early development, contributing to the evolutionary processes that limit the ecological niche of Drosophila sechellia.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Asymmetric random walks reveal that the chemotaxis network modulates flagellar rotational bias in Helicobacter pylori

    Jyot D Antani et al.
    Asymmetric forward and backward swimming speeds reveal that the rotational bias, and not reversal frequencies, is an appropriate measure of chemotaxis signaling in Helicobacter pylori..
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Pi-Pi contacts are an overlooked protein feature relevant to phase separation

    Robert McCoy Vernon et al.
    Statistics on the frequencies of pi interactions in folded protein structures enable successful prediction of intrinsically disordered protein phase separation, with clear implications for a physical understanding of cellular organization.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Mapping out Min protein patterns in fully confined fluidic chambers

    Yaron Caspi, Cees Dekker
    The geometry selection rules of dynamic Min protein patterns are determined in fully confined fluidic chambers, showing that both oscillations and running waves are derivatives of spiral rotations that are established as the majority pattern.
    1. Ecology

    Cyclic bouts of extreme bradycardia counteract the high metabolism of frugivorous bats

    M Teague O'Mara et al.
    Novel heart rate strategies that minimize energy expenditure during the day are necessary to cope with high energy nocturnal lifestyles of tent-making bats.

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