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    1. Neuroscience

    Ultra-Rapid serial visual presentation reveals dynamics of feedforward and feedback processes in the ventral visual pathway

    Yalda Mohsenzadeh et al.
    Reducing visibility with higher image presentation rates increases recurrent processing demands along the visual processing pathway to resolve object recognition.
    1. Neuroscience

    Stage-dependent remodeling of projections to motor cortex in ALS mouse model revealed by a new variant retrograde-AAV9

    Barbara Commisso et al.
    The projections from discrete areas to motor cortex increase over disease course in motoneuron disease model with selective spatial and temporal patterns.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    A specific role for serotonin in overcoming effort cost

    Florent Meyniel et al.
    A selective reuptake inhibitor shows a beneficial effect in healthy humans during an effort-benefit tradeoff task, mediated at the computational level by a specific alleviation of effort cost.
    1. Neuroscience

    How prior preferences determine decision-making frames and biases in the human brain

    Alizée Lopez-Persem et al.
    Model-based analyses of choice behavior and fMRI activity revealed that prior preferences generate default policies, which frame the decision value signal encoded in the vmPFC, and shift vmPFC pre-choice activity so as to induce a decision bias toward default options.
    1. Neuroscience

    Reward-based training of recurrent neural networks for cognitive and value-based tasks

    H Francis Song et al.
    A two-part neural network models reward-based training and provides a unified framework in which to study diverse computations that can be compared to electrophysiological recordings from behaving animals.
    1. Neuroscience

    Human intracranial recordings link suppressed transients rather than 'filling-in' to perceptual continuity across blinks

    Tal Golan et al.
    The brain ensures that blinks do not disrupt vision by deleting signals that represent discontinuities in visual input, rather than by recreating the missing input.
    1. Neuroscience

    Uncertainty leads to persistent effects on reach representations in dorsal premotor cortex

    Brian M Dekleva et al.
    When Rhesus monkeys plan reaching movements of which they are not fully confident, a particular area of the brain represents both the chosen action as well as alternate movements, perhaps as an aid for error correction or learning.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Slow oscillation-spindle coupling predicts enhanced memory formation from childhood to adolescence

    Michael A Hahn et al.
    An individualized cross-frequency coupling approach identified slow oscillation-spindle coupling strength as a novel mechanism that mediates memory formation during cortical maturation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Reinforcement biases subsequent perceptual decisions when confidence is low, a widespread behavioral phenomenon

    Armin Lak et al.
    Confidence-dependent reinforcement learning is active and produces trial-to-trial choice updating even in well-learned perceptual decisions without explicit reward biases, across species and sensory modalities.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Time preferences are reliable across time-horizons and verbal versus experiential tasks

    Evgeniya Lukinova et al.
    People have stable time-preferences regardless of whether they are measured using a non-verbal experiential task, as is typical in animal experiments, or using a more traditional verbal task.