3,473 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    A putative origin of the insect chemosensory receptor superfamily in the last common eukaryotic ancestor

    Richard Benton et al.
    Comparative genomics and three-dimensional protein modelling identify homologs of insect chemosensory receptors in unicellular eukaryotes and plants.
    1. Cell Biology

    Measuring NDC80 binding reveals the molecular basis of tension-dependent kinetochore-microtubule attachments

    Tae Yeon Yoo et al.
    Quantitative experiments and theory show that the tension-dependent regulation of NDC80 binding to kinetochore microtubules arises from a combination of the changing Aurora B concentration at NDC80 and the nonlinearity of Aurora B autoactivation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Heterogeneity of proteome dynamics between connective tissue phases of adult tendon

    Howard Choi et al.
    Metabolic labelling reveals complex proteome dynamics in tendon, with faster turnover of proteins in the glycoprotein-rich interfascicular matrix compared to the collagen-rich fascicular matrix.
    1. Neuroscience

    Bayesian analysis of retinotopic maps

    Noah C Benson, Jonathan Winawer
    A novel Bayesian method of modeling retinotopic maps is more accurate than traditional voxel-wise methods and can be used to automatically derive high-quality maps.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Medicine

    Individual variation in Achilles tendon morphology and geometry changes susceptibility to injury

    Nai-Hao Yin et al.
    Studying individual Achilles tendon geometry and interface sliding capacity may allow prediction of injury sites, and targeted training on specific muscle-(sub-)tendon units may boost beneficial outcomes for Achilles tendinopathy.
    1. Medicine

    Postnatal mechanical loading drives adaptation of tissues primarily through modulation of the non-collagenous matrix

    Danae E Zamboulis et al.
    Phase-specific mechanical and proteomic analyses reveal how tendon responds to its mechanical environment during postnatal development to meet functional requirements.
    1. Neuroscience

    Visual attention modulates the integration of goal-relevant evidence and not value

    Pradyumna Sepulveda et al.
    Visual attention modulates the integration of the evidence that is most useful for achieving a goal in both perceptual and value-based decisions.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Tunable molecular tension sensors reveal extension-based control of vinculin loading

    Andrew S LaCroix et al.
    A quantitative understanding of molecular tension sensor function enables the production of unique sensors with desired mechanical properties as well as the ability to distinguish between protein force and protein deformation in mechanosensitive processes.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Scleraxis-lineage cell depletion improves tendon healing and disrupts adult tendon homeostasis

    Katherine T Best et al.
    Adult Scleraxis-lineage cells are not required for successful tendon healing but are required for maintenance of tendon homeostasis.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Bi-fated tendon-to-bone attachment cells are regulated by shared enhancers and KLF transcription factors

    Shiri Kult et al.
    The molecular identity of bi-fated tendon-to-bone attachment cells, which display a mixture of transcriptomes of two neighboring cell types, enables the formation of the unique transitional tissue of the enthesis.

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