380 results found
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    An orphan cbb3-type cytochrome oxidase subunit supports Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm growth and virulence

    Jeanyoung Jo et al.
    During growth in biofilms and host infection, the opportunistic pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa employs respiratory heterocomplexes that support extracellular electron shuttling and pathogenicity.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Arabidopsis heterotrimeric G proteins regulate immunity by directly coupling to the FLS2 receptor

    Xiangxiu Liang et al.
    Heterotrimeric G proteins are coupled to and regulate plant receptor signaling, which allows optimum immune activation and enhances the production of reactive oxygen species.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Evolution of alternative biosynthetic pathways for vitamin C following plastid acquisition in photosynthetic eukaryotes

    Glen Wheeler et al.
    Genomic evidence suggests that L-gulonolactone oxidase-the terminal enzyme in vitamin C synthesis, which has been repeatedly lost throughout animal evolution-was lost in plants and other photosynthetic eukaryotes following plastid acquisition.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Sequence co-evolution gives 3D contacts and structures of protein complexes

    Thomas A Hopf et al.
    Interactions in protein complexes can be predicted from evolutionary information from genomic sequences.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Mia40 is a trans-site receptor that drives protein import into the mitochondrial intermembrane space by hydrophobic substrate binding

    Valentina Peleh et al.
    The import of proteins into the intermembrane space of mitochondria is driven by binding to the trans-site receptor Mia40 and not by the oxidation of cysteine residues.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    'Palaeoshellomics’ reveals the use of freshwater mother-of-pearl in prehistory

    Jorune Sakalauskaite et al.
    Ancient proteomes from tiny shell ornaments were successfully characterised for the first time, showing the unexpected use of mother-of-pearl from local riverine molluscs in both coastal and inland prehistoric sites.
    1. Neuroscience

    Reactive oxygen species regulate activity-dependent neuronal plasticity in Drosophila

    Matthew CW Oswald et al.
    Reactive oxygen species, previously considered damaging agents linked to pathology, are required for normal neuronal plasticity, including adjustment of synaptic terminal size, maintenance of synaptic physiology and adaptive behavioural responses.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    An elusive electron shuttle from a facultative anaerobe

    Emily Mevers et al.
    The identification of ACNQ as an extracellular electron shuttle solves a longstanding problem in bacterial physiology and provides new tool for bioenergy development.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Lipoprotein DolP supports proper folding of BamA in the bacterial outer membrane promoting fitness upon envelope stress

    David Ranava et al.
    The envelope stress factor DolP associates with the outer membrane protein assembly machinery and supports proper folding and functioning of BamA contributing to preserve envelope integrity.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A Sec14-like phosphatidylinositol transfer protein paralog defines a novel class of heme-binding proteins

    Danish Khan et al.
    A new class of fungal hemoproteins is described that emphasizes the versatility of the Sec14-fold for translating binding of chemically distinct ligands to control of diverse sets of cellular activities.

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