948 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Lying in a 3T MRI scanner induces neglect-like spatial attention bias

    Axel Lindner et al.
    Exposing subjects to the magnetic field of an MRI scanner stimulates the vestibular organ and thereby induces a horizontal bias of spatial orienting and exploration similar to that seen in stroke patients with spatial neglect.
    1. Neuroscience

    A unified internal model theory to resolve the paradox of active versus passive self-motion sensation

    Jean Laurens, Dora E Angelaki
    Central vestibular regions in the brainstem and cerebellum perform dynamic Bayesian inference to combine motor commands and sensory signals into an optimal estimate of self-motion.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    A mitotic kinase scaffold depleted in testicular seminomas impacts spindle orientation in germ line stem cells

    Heidi Hehnly et al.
    A protein kinase complex that is important for cell division is lost in testicular seminoma, which is a common cancer in men.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Fibroblastic reticular cell-derived lysophosphatidic acid regulates confined intranodal T-cell motility

    Akira Takeda et al.
    A lipid mediator lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) derived from fibroblastic reticular cells regulates T-cell movement through the densely packed reticular network in lymph nodes in a manner dependent on the LPA receptor LPA2-ROCK-myosin II.
    1. Neuroscience

    Spatiotemporal dynamics of multi-vesicular release is determined by heterogeneity of release sites within central synapses

    Dario Maschi, Vitaly A Klyachko
    Release site heterogeneity represents a previously unknown level of structural and functional organization within individual active zones in central synapses, which determines the spatiotemporal dynamics of multi-vesicular release.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Presynaptic APP levels and synaptic homeostasis are regulated by Akt phosphorylation of huntingtin

    Julie Bruyère et al.
    Reducing Akt-mediated huntingtin phosphorylation decreases APP accumulation at the synapse by reducing its anterograde axonal transport and ameliorates learning and memory in a mouse model of familial Alzheimer disease.
    1. Developmental Biology

    A gradient of Wnt activity positions the neurosensory domains of the inner ear

    Magdalena Żak, Nicolas Daudet
    Manipulations of Wnt signalling in the chicken embryo reveal how it controls in a dose-dependent manner the formation of the neurosensory territories of the early developing inner ear.
    1. Cell Biology

    Casein kinase 1G2 suppresses necroptosis-promoted testis aging by inhibiting receptor-interacting kinase 3

    Dianrong Li et al.
    Casein kinase 1G2 interacts with and inhibits the activation of receptor-interacting kinase 3, RIP3, in response to TNF and toll-like receptor family members and attenuates its necroptosis signaling activity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Synaptotagmin-7 places dense-core vesicles at the cell membrane to promote Munc13-2- and Ca2+-dependent priming

    Bassam Tawfik et al.
    Synaptotagmin-7 acts synergistically with synaptotagmin-1 by placing vesicles close to the plasma membrane within reach of the SNARE/Munc13-complex, supporting their priming and setting the stage for fast and slow fusion.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Fatty acid β-oxidation is required for the differentiation of larval hematopoietic progenitors in Drosophila

    Satish Kumar Tiwari et al.
    Genetic and molecular analyses reveal the decisive role of fatty acid oxidation (FAO) acting downstream to the ROS-JNK circuit essential for hemocyte progenitor differentiation in Drosophila..

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