612 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Probing the ionotropic activity of glutamate GluD2 receptor in HEK cells with genetically-engineered photopharmacology

    Damien Lemoine et al.
    A photoswitchable pore blocker was covalently attached to a cysteine-substituted glutamate delta 2 receptor, to provide optical control of its ion channel function.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Point of View: Bioengineering horizon scan 2020

    Luke Kemp et al.
    20 emerging issues in bioengineering that will have profound impacts on society have been identified.
    1. Neuroscience

    Mechanotransduction: Two views of the same stimulus

    Wayne A Johnson
    Signals from two different membrane proteins are combined to modulate how strongly sensory neurons respond to mechanical force.
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    1. Developmental Biology

    Asymmetric neurogenic commitment of retinal progenitors involves Notch through the endocytic pathway

    Elisa Nerli et al.
    A quantitative live imaging approach unveils that earliest neurogenic progenitors in the vertebrate retina arise from asymmetric divisions and that this asymmetry involves Notch signalling through the endocytic pathway.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Synergy between Wsp1 and Dip1 may initiate assembly of endocytic actin networks

    Connor J Balzer et al.
    An activator of branching nucleation by Arp2/3 complex directly synergizes with an activator of linear filament nucleation to initiate assembly of actin networks that drive endocytosis.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Antibody escape by polyomavirus capsid mutation facilitates neurovirulence

    Matthew D Lauver et al.
    Cryo EM and a custom subvolume refinement approach applied to mouse polyomavirus revealed the in vivo impact of polyomavirus capsid mutations on antiviral antibody immunoevasion and neurovirulence.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Elongation inhibitors do not prevent the release of puromycylated nascent polypeptide chains from ribosomes

    Benjamin D Hobson et al.
    Although puromycin staining is often used to examine subcellular translation, puromycin-labeled proteins are rapidly released from ribosomes even in the presence of elongation inhibitors, which may confound translation site localization.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Robo2 regulates synaptic oxytocin content by affecting actin dynamics

    Savani Anbalagan et al.
    Real-time monitoring of oxytocin-loaded vesicles and synaptic actin dynamics in zebrafish reveal that Slit3-Robo2-Cdc42 signalling maintains steady-state levels of mature oxytocin neuropeptide readily primed to be secreted upon physiological demand.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Synthetic single domain antibodies for the conformational trapping of membrane proteins

    Iwan Zimmermann et al.
    Synthetic single domain antibody libraries and a binder selection cascade encompassing ribosome and phage display enable the selection of conformation-specific binders against previously intractable membrane proteins within three weeks.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dopamine neuron glutamate cotransmission evokes a delayed excitation in lateral dorsal striatal cholinergic interneurons

    Nao Chuhma et al.
    Dopamine neurons make novel glutamatergic connections to striatal cholinergic interneurons in the lateral dorsal striatum that are mediated by metabotropic glutamate receptors coupled to TrpC channels.

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