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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Mechanisms of nucleotide selection by telomerase

    Matthew A Schaich et al.
    The roles of key telomerase active site residues were elucidated to determine how telomerase selects the correct from the incorrect nucleotide to maintain telomere integrity.
    1. Cell Biology

    IFT trains in different stages of assembly queue at the ciliary base for consecutive release into the cilium

    Jenna L Wingfield et al.
    Multimegadalton intraflagellar transport (IFT) trains assemble by sequential recruitment of IFT subcomplexes from the cell body to the ciliary basal bodies and tubulin, the main IFT cargo, is loaded briefly before trains depart.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Plasmodium falciparum translational machinery condones polyadenosine repeats

    Slavica Pavlovic Djuranovic et al.
    Adaptations in protein synthesis and mRNA surveillance machinery enabled the malaria-causing parasite P. falciparum to efficiently and accurately translate long polyA nucleotide runs into long poly-lysine peptides.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Systematic studies of all PIH proteins in zebrafish reveal their distinct roles in axonemal dynein assembly

    Hiroshi Yamaguchi et al.
    Zebrafish genetics and cryo-electron tomography reveal distinct roles of all vertebrate PIH family proteins in axonemal dynein assembly and cilia/flagella motions, assigning specific dynein subtypes to each PIH protein.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Allosteric mechanism of the V. vulnificus adenine riboswitch resolved by four-dimensional chemical mapping

    Siqi Tian et al.
    A new biochemical method tests whether or not the pre-existing RNA structural correlations couple small molecule binding to gene expression in a paradigmatic riboswitch.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Cryo electron tomography with volta phase plate reveals novel structural foundations of the 96-nm axonemal repeat in the pathogen Trypanosoma brucei

    Simon Imhof et al.
    Cryo electron tomography provides the first high-resolution 3D axoneme structure from any pathogenic organism, revealing novel structures that support the unique motility of these pathogens through host tissues.
    1. Cell Biology

    Regulation of cilia abundance in multiciliated cells

    Rashmi Nanjundappa et al.
    A cell-intrinsic surface area-dependent mechanism establishes centriole-cilia abundance in airway multiciliated cells.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Ecology
    Chlamydomonas illustration

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: From molecular manipulation of domesticated Chlamydomonas reinhardtii to survival in nature

    Severin Sasso et al.
    Dubbed the 'green yeast', the model alga C. reinhardtii has profoundly advanced many areas of biology, but much remains to be learnt about its life in the wild.
  1. Point of View: Five suggestions for substantial NIH reforms

    Michael Rosbash
    The National Institutes of Health needs to make radical changes to ensure that biomedical research continues to thrive in the United States.