57 results found
    1. Cell Biology

    Asymmetric clustering of centrosomes defines the early evolution of tetraploid cells

    Nicolaas C Baudoin et al.
    Newly formed tetraploid cells rapidly lose extra centrosomes acquired upon tetraploidization via asymmetric centrosome clustering during cell division and selective advantage of tetraploid daughter cells that inherit a single centrosome.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Selective egg cell polyspermy bypasses the triploid block

    Yanbo Mao et al.
    A ménàge à trois introduces extra DNA only to plant embryos, thus skipping endosperm-induced seed hybridization barriers.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Mitochondrial fusion is required for spermatogonial differentiation and meiosis

    Grigor Varuzhanyan et al.
    Mitochondrial fusion enables a metabolic transition during spermatogenesis.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Population genomics reveals the origin and asexual evolution of human infective trypanosomes

    William Weir et al.
    The protozoan parasite Trypanosoma brucei gambiense has undergone recent clonal evolution that reveals the theoretically predicted Meselson effect at a genome-wide level.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Chromosome mis-segregation and cytokinesis failure in trisomic human cells

    Joshua M Nicholson et al.
    Aneuploidy can cause chromosome mis-segregation and specific cellular phenotypes driven by expression of genes on the extra chromosome.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Polyploidy in the adult Drosophila brain

    Shyama Nandakumar et al.
    Terminally differentiated neurons and glia can re-enter the cell cycle to become polyploid in the adult fly brain, to protect cells from DNA damage-associated death.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Zfp281 is essential for mouse epiblast maturation through transcriptional and epigenetic control of Nodal signaling

    Xin Huang et al.
    Post-implantation epiblast maturation and patterning of anterior-posterior axis in mouse embryonic development are mediated by pluripotency transcription factor Zfp281 through transcriptional and epigenetic control of Nodal signaling.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Dosage compensation can buffer copy-number variation in wild yeast

    James Hose et al.
    Dosage-compensated gene expression facilitates chromosomal aneuploidy, which presents a rapid route to phenotypic evolution in natural yeast isolates.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Cyclin D activates the Rb tumor suppressor by mono-phosphorylation

    Anil M Narasimha et al.
    The retinoblastoma tumor suppressor regulates cell cycle progression when it's in 14 mono-phosphorylated isoforms.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The genome of the Hi5 germ cell line from Trichoplusia ni, an agricultural pest and novel model for small RNA biology

    Yu Fu et al.
    The genome sequence of Trichoplusia ni enables the use of this widespread lepidopteran pest as a model for both the study of small RNA pathways and insecticide resistance.

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