381 results found
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    TGFβ-dependent expression of PD-1 and PD-L1 controls CD8+ T cell anergy in transplant tolerance

    Marije Baas et al.
    The interplay between the cytokine TGFβ and the PD-1/PD-L1 pathway promotes CD8+ T cell anergy and tolerance towards transplanted tissues.
    1. Cancer Biology

    The testis protein ZNF165 is a SMAD3 cofactor that coordinates oncogenic TGFβ signaling in triple-negative breast cancer

    Zane A Gibbs et al.
    Anomalous expression of the testis protein ZNF165 in cancer cells promotes assembly of a neomorphic transcriptional complex that modulates transcription of TGFβ target genes to support tumor cell survival.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Absence of TGFβ signaling in retinal microglia induces retinal degeneration and exacerbates choroidal neovascularization

    Wenxin Ma et al.
    TGFβ signaling to retinal microglia is central to the regulation of neuroinflammatory responses relevant to age-related macular degeneration (AMD), a leading cause of blindness in the developed world.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Tgfβ signaling is required for tenocyte recruitment and functional neonatal tendon regeneration

    Deepak A Kaji et al.
    TGFß signaling regulates migration of tenogenic cells from Scx- and non-Scx lineages and is required for functional regeneration after neonatal tendon injury.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Reversal of β cell de-differentiation by a small molecule inhibitor of the TGFβ pathway

    Barak Blum et al.
    Loss of mature β cell identity in diabetes can be prevented and rescued by small molecule inhibitors of the TGFβ pathway.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Tgfβ signaling is critical for maintenance of the tendon cell fate

    Guak-Kim Tan et al.
    Conditional deletion of TGFβ signaling results in tenocyte dedifferentiation in vivo demonstrating a key role for TGFβ signaling in the maintenance of the tendon cell fate.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    TGF-β uses a novel mode of receptor activation to phosphorylate SMAD1/5 and induce epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition

    Anassuya Ramachandran et al.
    SMAD1/5 signaling is essential for the full transforming growth factor β (TGF-β)-induced transcriptional program and physiological responses and is induced via a novel receptor activation mechanism, involving two distinct type I receptors.
    1. Cell Biology

    Discrete spatial organization of TGFβ receptors couples receptor multimerization and signaling to cellular tension

    Joanna P Rys et al.
    Cells control the spatial organization and signaling of TGFβ receptors at focal adhesions via a mechanically regulated mechanism to integrate biochemical and physical cues.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    TGF-β reduces DNA ds-break repair mechanisms to heighten genetic diversity and adaptability of CD44+/CD24− cancer cells

    Debjani Pal et al.
    Phenotypic diversity and cell state transition (i.e., acquisition of a CD44+/CD24- cell state or exposure to TGF-beta) can spur intra-tumor genetic heterogeneity and contribute to acquired resistance.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    De-repression of the RAC activator ELMO1 in cancer stem cells drives progression of TGFβ-deficient squamous cell carcinoma from transition zones

    Heather A McCauley et al.
    A new mechanism connects the loss of TGFβ signaling with invasion and metastasis in highly malignant transition zone tumors.

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