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    1. Neuroscience

    Non-thalamic origin of zebrafish sensory nuclei implies convergent evolution of visual pathways in amniotes and teleosts

    Solal Bloch et al.
    Mesencephalic origin of the zebrafish thalamocortical-like visual projection neurons indicates independent evolution of tectofugal visual pathways in amniotes and teleosts.
    1. Neuroscience

    VIP interneurons in mouse primary visual cortex selectively enhance responses to weak but specific stimuli

    Daniel J Millman et al.
    Measurements of visual response to motion of different contrasts along with network modeling reveals a microcircuit in superficial layers of cortex that regulates the gain regime.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Medicine

    Intrinsic excitation-inhibition imbalance affects medial prefrontal cortex differently in autistic men versus women

    Stavros Trakoshis et al.
    Excitation-inhibition imbalance affects medial prefrontal cortex differently in autistic males versus females.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sleep spindles mediate hippocampal-neocortical coupling during long-duration ripples

    Hong-Viet Ngo et al.
    Triggered by (long-duration) hippocampal ripples, spindles facilitate communication between the hipppocampus and neocortex during natural sleep.
    1. Ecology
    2. Neuroscience
    Silhouette of a zebra finch on a blue background.

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: Neurogenomic insights into the behavioral and vocal development of the zebra finch

    Mark E Hauber et al.
    The genetic and behavioral diversity of the zebra finch, both in the wild and in captivity, make it well-suited for neuroethological studies of vocal learning, culture, and social bonding.
    1. Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Neural signatures of α2-Adrenergic agonist-induced unconsciousness and awakening by antagonist

    Jesus Javier Ballesteros et al.
    Instant performance recovery is possible following general anesthesia-induced unconsciousness using antagonist, and the brain dynamics return abruptly to the awake state without intermediate recovery states.
    1. Neuroscience

    Aberrant sorting of hippocampal complex pyramidal cells in type I lissencephaly alters topological innervation

    James A D'Amour et al.
    The loss of lamination in mammalian brain structures under cellular heterotopia carries with it non-uniform ramifications for the various components of the canonical CA1 microcircuitry.
    1. Neuroscience

    Learning-related population dynamics in the auditory thalamus

    Ariel Gilad et al.
    The auditory thalamus encodes higher-order information that emerges while learning an auditory discrimination task.
    1. Neuroscience

    Pathway-, layer- and cell-type-specific thalamic input to mouse barrel cortex

    B Semihcan Sermet et al.
    Two distinct thalamocortical pathways were found to provide differential excitatory synaptic input to distinct cell-types across layers of mouse primary somatosensory barrel cortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    Motor thalamus supports striatum-driven reinforcement

    Arnaud L Lalive et al.
    While the basal ganglia have long been thought to mediate learning through dopamine-dependent striatal plasticity, their regulation of motor thalamus plays an unexpected and critical role in reinforcement.