13 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Single caudate neurons encode temporally discounted value for formulating motivation for action

    Yukiko Hori et al.
    The dorsal part of the primate caudate head signals integrated multi-dimensional incentive factors essential for computing the motivation for action.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Action potential-coupled Rho GTPase signaling drives presynaptic plasticity

    Shataakshi Dube O'Neil et al.
    Proteomic and genetic analysis discovers a new cytoskeletal mechanism of presynaptic short-term plasticity common across neuronal cell types.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural effects of propofol-induced unconsciousness and its reversal using thalamic stimulation

    André M Bastos et al.
    Understanding how general anesthesia changes neural dynamics in the cortex and thalamus can lead to its safer use and shed light on the nature of consciousness.
    1. Neuroscience

    Mechanism for differential recruitment of orbitostriatal transmission during actions and outcomes following chronic alcohol exposure

    Rafael Renteria et al.
    Chronic alcohol exposure results in a long-lasting, enhanced endocannabinoid signalling at orbitostriatal synapses that is expressed in a projection-, synapse-, and behaviorally computation-specific manner.
    1. Neuroscience

    Striatal direct and indirect pathway neurons differentially control the encoding and updating of goal-directed learning

    James Peak et al.
    Direct and indirect pathway neurons in posterior dorsomedial striatum were found to play distinct roles, with the former necessary for encoding and the latter for updating goal-directed learning.
    1. Neuroscience

    Synapse-specific opioid modulation of thalamo-cortico-striatal circuits

    William T Birdsong et al.
    By differentially modulating the two major excitatory inputs to the striatum, mu- and delta-opioid receptors regulate the balance between thalamic and cortical inputs to the striatum.
    1. Neuroscience

    A cell autonomous torsinA requirement for cholinergic neuron survival and motor control

    Samuel S Pappas et al.
    Conditional deletion of the DYT1 dystonia protein torsinA causes selective cell autonomous neurodegeneration of striatal and brainstem cholinergic neurons, and severe motor behavioral abnormalities.
    1. Neuroscience

    Differential inputs to striatal cholinergic and parvalbumin interneurons imply functional distinctions

    Jason R Klug et al.
    A brain-wide mapping of the direct inputs to striatal cholinergic and parvalbumin interneurons reveals connectivity differences and implies their distinct roles in regulating striatal function.
    1. Neuroscience

    Oxytocin functions as a spatiotemporal filter for excitatory synaptic inputs to VTA dopamine neurons

    Lei Xiao et al.
    Oxytocin, a peptide linked to the processing of socially meaningful stimuli, modulates excitatory synaptic transmission in dopaminergic neurons of ventral tegmental area via retrograde endocannabinoid signaling, acting as a pathway-specific temporal filter for synaptic inputs.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Neuroscience

    Initial elevations in glutamate and dopamine neurotransmission decline with age, as does exploratory behavior, in LRRK2 G2019S knock-in mice

    Mattia Volta et al.
    LRRK2 G2019S knock-in mice are a genetically faithful model that recapitulates the slow disease progression of familial PD, with initial alterations to behaviour and neurotransmission providing early pathophysiological targets for neuroprotective interventions.

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