604 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Skipping ahead: A circuit for representing the past, present, and future

    Jennifer C Robinson, Mark P Brandon
    A circuit between the hippocampus, nucleus reunions, and prefrontal cortex organizes information about the past, present, and future into alternating theta sequences.
    1. Neuroscience

    The generation of cortical novelty responses through inhibitory plasticity

    Auguste Schulz et al.
    Inhibitory synaptic plasticity provides a flexible and biologically plausible circuit mechanism to detect the novelty of bottom-up stimuli and to generate stimulus-specific adaptation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Ecology

    Secondary metabolites of Hülle cells mediate protection of fungal reproductive and overwintering structures against fungivorous animals

    Li Liu et al.
    Xanthones produced by the filamentous fungus Aspergillus nidulans protect its sexual structures from predation by arthropods.
    1. Neuroscience

    Distinct population code for movement kinematics and changes of ongoing movements in human subthalamic nucleus

    Dennis London et al.
    Subthalamic nucleus spiking activity, beta oscillation power, and locking of spikes to the beta oscillation are decreased prior to changes in ongoing movements.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Activity-dependent modulation of synapse-regulating genes in astrocytes

    Isabella Farhy-Tselnicker et al.
    RNA sequencing and genetic mouse models reveal that transcriptional changes to astrocytes in the developing cortex are not intrinsic but influenced by their environment and determine that expression of astrocyte synapse-regulating genes and neuronal synaptogenesis is modulated by ongoing astrocyte-neuron communication.
    1. Neuroscience

    Convergent and divergent brain structural and functional abnormalities associated with developmental dyslexia

    Xiaohui Yan et al.
    Convergent structural and functional brain deficits associated with dyslexia were found in left superior temporal gyrus across languages, however, language-specific deficits were also identified.
    1. Neuroscience

    Bayesian inference of population prevalence

    Robin AA Ince et al.
    Bayesian estimation of the proportion of the population that would show an effect in an experiment provides a broadly applicable alternative to standard null hypothesis tests on the population mean with several advantages.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Unbiased identification of novel transcription factors in striatal compartmentation and striosome maturation

    Maria-Daniela Cirnaru et al.
    RNAseq and ATACseq are utilized to identify transcription factors participating in striatal compartmentation into striosome and matrix, and roles for Stat1, Olig2, and Foxf2 are validated in vitro and in vivo.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural excitability and sensory input determine intensity perception with opposing directions in initial cortical responses

    Tilman Stephani et al.
    Larger evoked responses during initial cortical processing may reflect states of lower excitability.

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