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    1. Neuroscience

    Mediodorsal thalamus is required for discrete phases of goal-directed behavior in macaques

    Evan Wicker et al.
    Transient suppression of activity in the macaque mediodorsal thalamus impairs adjustment of secondary reinforcer values and disrupts appropriate action selection in a reinforcer devaluation task; this profile is distinct from that of amygdala or subregions of orbitofrontal cortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    LRRTM1 underlies synaptic convergence in visual thalamus

    Aboozar Monavarfeshani et al.
    The synaptic cell adhesion molecule, leucine-rich repeat transmembrane neuronal 1 (LRRTM1), plays an important role in the establishment of retinal convergence onto relay cells in mouse visual thalamus.
    1. Neuroscience

    Pathway-, layer- and cell-type-specific thalamic input to mouse barrel cortex

    B Semihcan Sermet et al.
    Two distinct thalamocortical pathways were found to provide differential excitatory synaptic input to distinct cell-types across layers of mouse primary somatosensory barrel cortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    Thalamic reticular nucleus induces fast and local modulation of arousal state

    Laura D Lewis et al.
    A neural circuit that can selectively induce sleep-like patterns in small regions of the brain demonstrates how sleep and arousal states may be controlled in local brain regions.
    1. Neuroscience

    Motor thalamus supports striatum-driven reinforcement

    Arnaud L Lalive et al.
    While the basal ganglia have long been thought to mediate learning through dopamine-dependent striatal plasticity, their regulation of motor thalamus plays an unexpected and critical role in reinforcement.
    1. Neuroscience

    Perineuronal nets control visual input via thalamic recruitment of cortical PV interneurons

    Giulia Faini et al.
    Accumulation of perineuronal nets around parvalbumin (PV)-positive inhibitory interneurons closes visual cortical plasticity by selectively down-regulating thalamic synapses onto PV cells in a sensory-dependent manner.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Thalamo-cortical axons regulate the radial dispersion of neocortical GABAergic interneurons

    Sabrina Zechel et al.
    Glutamate derived from thalamo-cortical axons regulates the radial dispersion of interneurons in the developing mouse neocortex by limiting the level of expression of the K/Cl co-transporter KCC2.
    1. Neuroscience

    A time-stamp mechanism may provide temporal information necessary for egocentric to allocentric spatial transformations

    Avner Wallach et al.
    A novel neural mechanism for precise, unbiased estimation of time intervals in the thalamus of electric fish is likely used for computing distance between object encounters.
    1. Neuroscience

    Corticothalamic phase synchrony and cross-frequency coupling predict human memory formation

    Catherine M Sweeney-Reed et al.
    Direct electrophysiological evidence demonstrates a role for the anterior thalamic nucleus in human memory formation.
    1. Neuroscience

    A thalamocortical circuit for updating action-outcome associations

    Virginie Fresno et al.
    Disconnection of the orbitofrontal cortex from the submedius nucleus but not the mediodorsal thalamus prevented rats to respond adaptively following action-outcome reversal, showing differential involvement of these thalamocortical circuits.