1,784 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Special Issue: Call for papers in evolutionary medicine

    eLife is pleased to announce a new Special Issue, curating the very best research in this growing area.
  1. Living Science

    Edited by Eve Marder
    Essays on the human side of science by Eve Marder.
  2. A series of articles on the philosophy of biology

    Philosophy of Biology

    Edited by Helga Groll
    A series of articles offering philosophical perspectives on the life sciences.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Peripheral natural killer cells in chronic hepatitis B patients display multiple molecular features of T cell exhaustion

    Marie Marotel et al.
    Similar to T cell exhaustion, natural killer cell dysfunction in chronic hepatitis B patients results from deregulated calcium pathway.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Constitutive activation of cellular immunity underlies the evolution of resistance to infection in Drosophila

    Alexandre B Leitão et al.
    Single-cell transcriptomics of immune cells demonstrates that populations evolve inducible defences when infection rates are low and constitutive defences when infection is common.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Drivers and sites of diversity in the DNA adenine methylomes of 93 Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex clinical isolates

    Samuel J Modlin et al.
    Fully assembled DNA methylomes from phylogeographically diverse clinical Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex isolates reveals 'intercellular mosaic methylation' as a source of epigenetic diversity.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Gene regulation gravitates toward either addition or multiplication when combining the effects of two signals

    Eric M Sanford et al.
    When two signals increase transcription of the same gene, their combined effect tends to reflect either the sum of the individual increases or the product of the individual fold-changes.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Investigating the trade-off between folding and function in a multidomain Y-family DNA polymerase

    Xiakun Chu et al.
    The physical interaction network encoded in the multi-domain protein native structure handles the trade-off between the fast, stable folding and the efficient, reliable function.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Growth-factor-mediated coupling between lineage size and cell fate choice underlies robustness of mammalian development

    Néstor Saiz et al.
    A mechanistic basis is provided for the regulative ability of the mammalian embryo offering a long-sought explanation for coordinating cell behaviors at the population level ensuring robustness in developmental outcome.
    1. Medicine

    Loss of adaptive capacity in asthmatic patients revealed by biomarker fluctuation dynamics after rhinovirus challenge

    Anirban Sinha et al.
    Fluctuation of biomarkers is a novel way of studying system stability during stable and unstable states of health and disease, revealing the systems' ability to cope with external perturbations.

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