10,783 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Ribosome surface properties may impose limits on the nature of the cytoplasmic proteome

    Paul E Schavemaker et al.
    The diffusion coefficients of proteins in the cytoplasm depend on their net charge and the distribution of charge over the protein surface, with positive proteins moving up to 100-fold slower because they bind to ribosomes.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Metazoan evolution of glutamate receptors reveals unreported phylogenetic groups and divergent lineage-specific events

    David Ramos-Vicente et al.
    The animal phylogeny of glutamate receptors indicates that vertebrate types do not account for all receptor classes originated during evolution, neither are they the pinnacle of a linear evolutive process.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    A map of human PRDM9 binding provides evidence for novel behaviors of PRDM9 and other zinc-finger proteins in meiosis

    Nicolas Altemose et al.
    In humans, specific sequence features can predict whether meiotic recombination occurs at sites bound by the protein PRDM9, whose DNA-binding zinc-finger domain can unexpectedly bind to gene promoters and to other copies of PRDM9.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Evolution of empathetic moral evaluation

    Arunas L Radzvilavicius et al.
    Empathy can evolve and foster cooperation in a game-theoretic analysis of behavior.
    1. Neuroscience

    Temporo-parietal cortex involved in modeling one’s own and others’ attention

    Arvid Guterstam et al.
    Functional brain scans of human participants show that the brain encodes other people's attention in enough richness to distinguish whether that attention was directed exogenously (stimulus-driven) or endogenously (internally driven).
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Transcriptome maps of general eukaryotic RNA degradation factors

    Salma Sohrabi-Jahromi et al.
    Mapping of 30 general RNA degradation factors onto the yeast transcriptome provides the global distribution of factors for RNA turnover and surveillance in a eukaryotic cell.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Lysosomal membrane glycoproteins bind cholesterol and contribute to lysosomal cholesterol export

    Jian Li, Suzanne R Pfeffer
    LAMP proteins, the major glycoproteins of the lysosome membrane, bind cholesterol directly and specifically, and interact with NPC1 and NPC2 proteins as part of the lysosomal cholesterol export process.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Stochastic modelling, Bayesian inference, and new in vivo measurements elucidate the debated mtDNA bottleneck mechanism

    Iain G Johnston et al.
    New modelling, statistics, and experiments show that cellular populations of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) evolve during development according to solvable stochastic dynamics involving binomial partitioning and random turnover, facilitating a predictive and quantitative theory of the mtDNA bottleneck.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Signal transducer and activator of transcription 5 (STAT5) paralog dose governs T cell effector and regulatory functions

    Alejandro Villarino et al.
    Asymmetrical expression dictates functional dominance of one STAT5 paralog at cellular and tissue levels despite redundancy at molecular and genomic levels.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Dynamic control of gene regulatory logic by seemingly redundant transcription factors

    Zohreh AkhavanAghdam et al.
    Seemingly redundant homologous transcription factors play distinct and cooperative roles in time-dependent combinatorial gene regulation and enable dynamic control of heterogeneity in the gene responses to environmental stresses.

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