2,396 results found
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Blockade of the LRP16-PKR-NF-κB signaling axis sensitizes colorectal carcinoma cells to DNA-damaging cytotoxic therapy

    Xiaolei Li et al.
    Leukemia-Related Protein 16 (LRP16), a member of the macro domain family, plays a crucial role in orchestrating genotoxicity-initiated NF-κB signaling in the colon and the pathophysiological relevance of NF-κB activation induced by LRP16 in colonic cell survival/recovery from extrinsic DNA damage.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Cancer Biology

    Evolutionary dynamics of cancer in response to targeted combination therapy

    Ivana Bozic et al.
    A study that models the evolution of drug resistance in tumors reveals that drugs are more effective when given in combination than sequentially, and that cure is much more likely when the drugs target different pathways.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Functional and mutational landscapes of BRCA1 for homology-directed repair and therapy resistance

    Rachel W Anantha et al.
    Systematic analyses of natural variants and artificial mutants establish functional landscapes of BRCA1 for homology-directed repair (HDR) and therapy resistance and identify the BRCA1-PALB2 interaction as a key control point for HDR pathway choice.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Impact of a decade of successful antiretroviral therapy initiated at HIV-1 seroconversion on blood and rectal reservoirs

    Eva Malatinkova et al.
    An early start to long-term antiretroviral therapy limits the size of the HIV-1 reservoir more effectively than treatment that starts later.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Evaluating mesenchymal stem cell therapy for sepsis with preclinical meta-analyses prior to initiating a first-in-human trial

    Manoj M Lalu et al.
    A rigorous and transparent evaluation of mesenchymal stem cell therapy for sepsis suggests it may be efficacious, although the strength of these findings is tempered by threats to validity in the studies that were included.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Ret function in muscle stem cells points to tyrosine kinase inhibitor therapy for facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy

    Louise A Moyle et al.
    Rescue of DUX4-induced muscle pathology by the RET inhibitor Sunitinib reveals the therapeutic potential for treatment of Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy using tyrosine kinase inhibitors.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Therapeutic effects of telomerase in mice with pulmonary fibrosis induced by damage to the lungs and short telomeres

    Juan Manuel Povedano et al.
    Telomerase gene therapy represents a novel effective treatment for pulmonary fibrosis associated with short telomeres by improving pulmonary function, decreasing inflammation and accelerating fiber disappearance in fibrotic lungs.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    HIV-1 DNA predicts disease progression and post-treatment virological control

    James P Williams et al.
    Measuring HIV-1 DNA levels at the time of stopping antiretroviral therapy (when initiated during primary infection) predicts clinical progression and the time taken for plasma viraemia to become detectable.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Selective eradication of cancer displaying hyperactive Akt by exploiting the metabolic consequences of Akt activation

    Veronique Nogueira et al.
    Exploiting the metabolic consequences of Akt activation in prostate cancer for therapeutic interventions that circumvent Akt inhibition therapy.

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