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    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Broad geographic sampling reveals the shared basis and environmental correlates of seasonal adaptation in Drosophila

    Heather E Machado et al.
    Seasonal selection is a general feature of Drosophila melanogaster genetic variation, occurring in North American and European populations and affecting large proportions of the genome.
    1. Neuroscience

    Information flow, cell types and stereotypy in a full olfactory connectome

    Philipp Schlegel et al.
    Synaptic resolution analysis of a full olfactory connectome reveals lateralised circuits, convergence of innate and learned pathways, and shows that homologous neurons are highly stereotyped within and across brains.
    1. Neuroscience

    The cation channel TRPA1 tunes mosquito thermotaxis to host temperatures

    Román A Corfas, Leslie B Vosshall
    Female mosquitoes are exquisitely sensitive to human body heat, and the TRPA1 gene is required to focus their attraction toward thermal stimuli resembling warm-blooded hosts.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Resident macrophages acquire innate immune memory in staphylococcal skin infection

    Reinhild Feuerstein et al.
    Resident dermal Mφ are programmed locally, independently of bone-marrow monocytes during Staphylococcus aureus infection, leading to transiently increased resistance, which is limited by a decrease in macrophage life span.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Pivotal role for skin transendothelial radio-resistant anti-inflammatory macrophages in tissue repair

    Olga Barreiro et al.
    A new type of skin perivascular macrophages with extramedullary origin, access to blood and exclusive anti-inflammatory reparative properties has been characterized.
    1. Neuroscience

    The signaling lipid sphingosine 1-phosphate regulates mechanical pain

    Rose Z Hill et al.
    Constitutive sphingosine 1-phosphate signaling via the G-protein coupled receptor S1PR3 in mechanonociceptive somatosensory neurons is required for normal behavioral responses to noxious mechanical stimuli.
    1. Developmental Biology

    m6A RNA methylation impacts fate choices during skin morphogenesis

    Linghe Xi et al.
    METTL3-mediated m6A modification maintains proper cell lineage specification during skin epithelium morphogenesis by coupling transcription and translation of key regulatory pathways.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Non-genetic inheritance restraint of cell-to-cell variation

    Harsh Vashistha et al.
    Quantitative measurement of epigenetic memory and inheritance dynamics.
    1. Neuroscience

    A machine-vision approach for automated pain measurement at millisecond timescales

    Jessica M Jones et al.
    Development of a fully automated pain scale using machine learning tools in computational neuroethology and creation of new software, reveals a robust circuit-dissection compatible platform for objective pain measurement.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A divergent cyclin/cyclin-dependent kinase complex controls the atypical replication of a malaria parasite during gametogony and transmission

    Aurélia C Balestra et al.
    Multiple steps of the atypical cell cycles underlying Plasmodium gametogony are controlled by a divergent cyclin/cyclin-dependent complex.