48 results found
    1. Ecology

    Countercurrent heat exchange and thermoregulation during blood-feeding in kissing bugs

    Chloé Lahondère et al.
    A novel thermoregulatory mechanism in blood-sucking insects, vectors of human disease, is described using a functional-morphological approach.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    OPA1 deletion in brown adipose tissue improves thermoregulation and systemic metabolism via FGF21

    Renata O Pereira et al.
    Lack of OPA1 in BAT impairs its thermogenic activation and induces endoplasmic reticulum stress, while improving systemic metabolism and thermoregulation via ATF4-FGF21-dependent and -independent mechanisms.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Estrogen receptor alpha in the brain mediates tamoxifen-induced changes in physiology in mice

    Zhi Zhang et al.
    Estrogen receptor alpha in the hypothalamus is required for the effects of chronic tamoxifen treament on gene expression, thermoregulation, bone, and movement in mice.
    1. Ecology

    Oxygen isotopes suggest elevated thermometabolism within multiple Permo-Triassic therapsid clades

    Kévin Rey et al.
    Two therapsid clades, dicynodonts and cynodonts, independently acquired and developed an endotherm-like thermoregulation during the Late Permian period, that probably helped them to survive the major global climate and environmental fluctuations of the end-Permian.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    CNGA3 acts as a cold sensor in hypothalamic neurons

    Viktor V Feketa et al.
    CNGA3 is a cold-potentiated ion channel that confers cold sensitivity to mouse hypothalamic neurons, whereas CNGA3 from hibernating ground squirrels is cold-insensitive.
    1. Neuroscience

    The cation channel TRPA1 tunes mosquito thermotaxis to host temperatures

    Román A Corfas, Leslie B Vosshall
    Female mosquitoes are exquisitely sensitive to human body heat, and the TRPA1 gene is required to focus their attraction toward thermal stimuli resembling warm-blooded hosts.
    1. Neuroscience

    mTORC1 in AGRP neurons integrates exteroceptive and interoceptive food-related cues in the modulation of adaptive energy expenditure in mice

    Luke K Burke et al.
    AGRP neurons integrate environmental food-related cues with internal metabolic signals to modulate interscapular brown adipose tissue thermogenesis and energy expenditure, at least in part, via mTORC1 signalling.
    1. Neuroscience

    Parabrachial opioidergic projections to preoptic hypothalamus mediate behavioral and physiological thermal defenses

    Aaron J Norris et al.
    Warm-activated parabrachial neurons contain overlapping dynorphin and enkephalin expressing subpopulations, project to preoptic hypothalamus, and mediate behavioral and physiological thermal defenses behaviors.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dopamine receptor 1 neurons in the dorsal striatum regulate food anticipatory circadian activity rhythms in mice

    Christian M Gallardo et al.
    For mice, knowing when it is time to feed is dependent on the neurotransmitter dopamine and the D1R receptor of neurons in the dorsal striatum.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cold-induced hyperphagia requires AgRP neuron activation in mice

    Jennifer D Deem et al.
    A combination of neuroscience approaches and indirect calorimetry demonstrate a physiological role for AgRP neurons in cold-induced hyperphagia and strongly suggest temperature is an important regulator of AgRP neuron activity.

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