33 results found
    1. Ecology

    Countercurrent heat exchange and thermoregulation during blood-feeding in kissing bugs

    Chloé Lahondère et al.
    A novel thermoregulatory mechanism in blood-sucking insects, vectors of human disease, is described using a functional-morphological approach.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dopamine receptor 1 neurons in the dorsal striatum regulate food anticipatory circadian activity rhythms in mice

    Christian M Gallardo et al.
    For mice, knowing when it is time to feed is dependent on the neurotransmitter dopamine and the D1R receptor of neurons in the dorsal striatum.
    1. Ecology

    Oxygen isotopes suggest elevated thermometabolism within multiple Permo-Triassic therapsid clades

    Kévin Rey et al.
    Two therapsid clades, dicynodonts and cynodonts, independently acquired and developed an endotherm-like thermoregulation during the Late Permian period, that probably helped them to survive the major global climate and environmental fluctuations of the end-Permian.
    1. Ecology

    Thermoregulation: Bugs battle stress from hot blood

    Joshua B Benoit, David L Denlinger
    A heat exchange mechanism in the head of kissing bugs helps to prevent stress and regulate their temperature while they feed on warm blood.
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    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology
    Rat illustration

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: The Norway rat, from an obnoxious pest to a laboratory pet

    Klaudia Modlinska, Wojciech Pisula
    The rat is much more than a simple model, and a better appreciation of the natural history of wild rats would increase its value as a research organism.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The ion selectivity filter is not an activation gate in TRPV1-3 channels

    Andrés Jara-Oseguera et al.
    The TRPV1, TRPV2 and TRPV3 channels are gated on the cytosolic side of the pore, whereas structural changes in the ion selectivity filter associated with activation don't control cation access.
    1. Neuroscience

    Defined neuronal populations drive fatal phenotype in a mouse model of Leigh syndrome

    Irene Bolea et al.
    Glutamatergic brainstem neurons drive motor and respiratory deficits, and GABAergic basal ganglia neurons cause hypothermia and fatal epileptic events, in a model of mitochondrial disease.
    1. Ecology

    Ant colonies maintain social homeostasis in the face of decreased density

    Andreas P Modlmeier et al.
    Organizational resilience allows ant colonies to retain high interaction rates in the face of decreased density by altering their spatial and social dynamics.
    1. Neuroscience

    Arcuate nucleus and lateral hypothalamic CART neurons in the mouse brain exert opposing effects on energy expenditure

    Aitak Farzi et al.
    CART exerts differential metabolic effects in response to activation of neurons of the Arc, where CART suppresses energy expenditure, while it enforces the reward characteristics of the LHA.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis of malodour precursor transport in the human axilla

    Gurdeep S Minhas et al.
    Discovery of the structural basis for recognition and uptake of a human precursor for body odour production reveals an important role for bacterial peptide transport and novel routes to prevent its production in humans.

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