21 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    The Ionotropic Receptors IR21a and IR25a mediate cool sensing in Drosophila

    Lina Ni et al.
    Two members of a widely studied family of chemoreceptors, the "orphan" chemoreceptor IR21a and its putative co-receptor IR25a, act together to mediate cool sensation in fruit fly larvae.
    1. Neuroscience

    Somatostatin-expressing parafacial neurons are CO2/H+ sensitive and regulate baseline breathing

    Colin M Cleary et al.
    Cellular and chemogenetic approaches identify a novel mode of chemotransduction involving regulation of basal breathing by CO2/H+-dependent disinhibition.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Physical limits of flow sensing in the left-right organizer

    Rita R Ferreira et al.
    Large-scale in vivo imaging of the zebrafish left-right organizer (Kupffer's vesicle) combined with fluid dynamics calculations allows to quantitatively test the possible flow detection mechanisms and supports the flow transport of chemical signals as the mechanism of side determination.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Structure of bacterial cytoplasmic chemoreceptor arrays and implications for chemotactic signaling

    Ariane Briegel et al.
    Bacterial cytoplasmic chemoreceptors assemble into a sandwich of two hexagonally packed arrays.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Ciliary chemosensitivity is enhanced by cilium geometry and motility

    David Hickey et al.
    Chemical receptors located on cilia can achieve particle capture rates that are many times higher than receptors located on a flat epithelial surface.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Notch/Her12 signalling modulates, motile/immotile cilia ratio downstream of Foxj1a in zebrafish left-right organizer

    Barbara Tavares et al.
    Foxj1a makes cilia ultrastructurally motile, while Notch signalling stops cilia movement in Kupffer's vesicle.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Connexin26 hemichannels with a mutation that causes KID syndrome in humans lack sensitivity to CO2

    Louise Meigh et al.
    Building on previous work (Meigh et al., 2013) we show that A88V, a mutation in connexin26 (Cx26) that causes Keratitis-Ichthyosis-Deafness (KID) syndrome in humans, is linked to a lack of sensitivity to CO2 by Cx26 hemichannels.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Neuroscience

    Engineering vanilloid-sensitivity into the rat TRPV2 channel

    Feng Zhang et al.
    Vanilloid sensitivity has been introduced into the TRPV2 channel, revealing that the gating and permeation properties of this enigmatic TRP channel are remarkably similar to the capsaicin receptor.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural insights into the mechanism of activation of the TRPV1 channel by a membrane-bound tarantula toxin

    Chanhyung Bae et al.
    The structure of a bivalent double-knot tarantula toxin bound to the outer pore of the capsaicin receptor reveals a novel mode of toxin-channel recognition that has important implications for thermosensation.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Mechanism of bidirectional thermotaxis in Escherichia coli

    Anja Paulick et al.
    The interplay between the opposing responses mediated by different chemoreceptors enables bacteria to swim towards a preferred temperature.

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