49 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Neutrophil-generated HOCl leads to non-specific thiol oxidation in phagocytized bacteria

    Adriana Degrossoli et al.
    The use of genetically encoded redox sensors in phagocytized bacteria reveals that, among the toxic cocktail of oxidants released into the neutrophil's phagolysosome, HOCl is the main component responsible for the oxidative modification of bacterial protein thiols.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Hypoxia: Adapt or avoid

    Ganesh K Kumar
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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Genome mining unearths a hybrid nonribosomal peptide synthetase-like-pteridine synthase biosynthetic gene cluster

    Hyun Bong Park et al.
    A new type of hybrid nonribosomal peptide synthetase (NRPS)-like-pteridine synthase biosynthetic pathway has been illuminated via genome mining.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Plant Biology

    Kinetics of the LOV domain of ZEITLUPE determine its circadian function in Arabidopsis

    Ashutosh Pudasaini et al.
    In the plant circadian clock photoreceptor ZEITLUPE, evolutionarily selected residues distinguish photocycle kinetics and allosteric signal transduction pathways to permit proper circadian timing.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neuropathological and transcriptomic characteristics of the aged brain

    Jeremy A Miller et al.
    High variability in neuropathology burden and interactions between dementia diagnosis and RNA quality present underappreciated complications when studying dementia in an aged population.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Molecular mechanism of activation-triggered subunit exchange in Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II

    Moitrayee Bhattacharyya et al.
    Closed-ring and open-spiral assembly of the multi-subunit neuronal kinase CaMKII suggest a mechanism for how active subunits shuttle between individual assemblies, propagating stimulatory signals.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Quantitative H2S-mediated protein sulfhydration reveals metabolic reprogramming during the integrated stress response

    Xing-Huang Gao et al.
    ATF4, the master regulator of transcription during the Integrated Stress Response (ISR), causes global changes in cysteine sulfhydration of proteins and this event causes cellular metabolic reprogramming.
    1. Cell Biology

    Nuclear receptor LRH-1/NR5A2 is required and targetable for liver endoplasmic reticulum stress resolution

    Jennifer L Mamrosh et al.
    LRH-1/NR5A2 responds to ER stress by inducing a novel pathway that is required for stress resolution in mice and can be targeted by LRH-1 agonists.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Wss1 metalloprotease partners with Cdc48/Doa1 in processing genotoxic SUMO conjugates

    Maxim Y Balakirev et al.
    Wss1 is both a metalloprotease and SUMO ligase found in association with Cdc48 and Doa1 and accumulating in the vacuole upon DNA damage.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    MutS/MutL crystal structure reveals that the MutS sliding clamp loads MutL onto DNA

    Flora S Groothuizen et al.
    Visualization of the sliding clamp in DNA mismatch repair shows how a transient complex is activated.

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