79 results found
    1. Cell Biology

    WDR90 is a centriolar microtubule wall protein important for centriole architecture integrity

    Emmanuelle Steib et al.
    Centriole integrity is ensured by the connection between the inner scaffold and microtubule triplets through POC16/WDR90 proteins.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Metabolic but not transcriptional regulation by PKM2 is important for natural killer cell responses

    Jessica F Walls et al.
    Pharmacological activation of the metabolic activities of PKM2 in murine NK cells disrupts cellular redox balance and inhibits optimal NK cell effector functions.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Multiplexed measurement of variant abundance and activity reveals VKOR topology, active site and human variant impact

    Melissa A Chiasson et al.
    Human vitamin K epoxide reductase (VKOR) has a four transmembrane domain topology that supports the use of a homology model, enabling identification of active site residues and human variant impact.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Peroxiredoxin promotes longevity and H2O2-resistance in yeast through redox-modulation of protein kinase A

    Friederike Roger et al.
    The major cytosolic yeast peroxiredoxin Tsa1 controls aging and H2O2-resistance by inhibiting protein kinase A through a conserved cysteine in the catalytic subunit activation loop and not by scavenging H2O2.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Local frustration determines loop opening during the catalytic cycle of an oxidoreductase

    Lukas S Stelzl et al.
    The cysteine pair oxidation state in nDsbD acts as a ‘switch’ controlling the presence or absence of frustration in the active-site and determining the dynamic behavior of the cap loop.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Mouse brain transcriptome responses to inhaled nanoparticulate matter differed by sex and APOE in Nrf2-Nfkb interactions

    Amin Haghani et al.
    Transcriptome analysis of mouse brain revealed that the APOE4 allele and sex can alter air pollution neurotoxicity in adults.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Plasmodium falciparum translational machinery condones polyadenosine repeats

    Slavica Pavlovic Djuranovic et al.
    Adaptations in protein synthesis and mRNA surveillance machinery enabled the malaria-causing parasite P. falciparum to efficiently and accurately translate long polyA nucleotide runs into long poly-lysine peptides.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Regulation of nerve growth and patterning by cell surface protein disulphide isomerase

    Geoffrey MW Cook et al.
    The nerve growth-repellent activity that generates spinal nerve repeat-patterning in birds and mammals is identified at the molecular level, and a similar system is revealed in adult brain grey matter.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    ER-luminal [Ca2+] regulation of InsP3 receptor gating mediated by an ER-luminal peripheral Ca2+-binding protein

    Horia Vais et al.
    Calcium release from the endoplasmic reticulum through the IP3 receptor ion channel is strongly regulated by a calcium-binding protein in the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Thioredoxin-1 distinctly promotes NF-κB target DNA binding and NLRP3 inflammasome activation independently of Txnip

    Jonathan Muri et al.
    The thioredoxin-1 (Trx1) system promotes inflammation by positively regulating both NLRP3 inflammasome responses, by detoxifying excessive ROS independently of Txnip and NF-κB binding to target DNA.

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