7,456 results found
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Combined transient ablation and single-cell RNA-sequencing reveals the development of medullary thymic epithelial cells

    Kristen L Wells et al.
    Combination of experimental mouse models with single-cell RNA-sequencing creates a detailed map of medullary thymic epithelial cell development and identifies a transit-amplifying population as the immediate precursor to Aire-expressing mTECs.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    T cell self-reactivity during thymic development dictates the timing of positive selection

    Lydia K Lutes et al.
    Developing T cells whose TCRs have relatively low reactivity experience very brief TCR signaling events, experience delayed positive selection, and retaina preselection gene expression signature as they mature.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    The NFκB-inducing kinase is essential for the developmental programming of skin-resident and IL-17-producing γδ T cells

    Florian Mair et al.
    Thymic stromal cells help to develop and shape the gamma delta T cell pool.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    HDAC3 restrains CD8-lineage genes to maintain a bi-potential state in CD4+CD8+ thymocytes for CD4-lineage commitment

    Rachael Laura Philips et al.
    CD4 lineage commitment requires HDAC3 to prevent premature upregulation of CD8 lineage genes during T cell development.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Ageing compromises mouse thymus function and remodels epithelial cell differentiation

    Jeanette Baran-Gale et al.
    Thymus ageing is characterised by both compositional and transcriptional shifts amongst epithelial cells that perturb their differentiation, contribute to organ atrophy and ultimately impair immune function.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Zinc finger protein Zfp335 is required for the formation of the naïve T cell compartment

    Brenda Y Han et al.
    A novel zinc finger transcription factor regulates expression of multiple genes in late stage thymocytes and recent thymic emigrants to promote formation of the naïve T cell compartment.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Histone Deacetylase 7 mediates tissue-specific autoimmunity via control of innate effector function in invariant Natural Killer T Cells

    Herbert G Kasler et al.
    The development of Natural Killer T Cells is controlled by Histone Deacetylase 7, a function that combined with its known role in thymic negative selection provides a potential mechanism explaining its association with tissue-specific autoimmunity in humans.
    1. Developmental Biology

    A chemical screen in zebrafish embryonic cells establishes that Akt activation is required for neural crest development

    Christie Ciarlo et al.
    Akt activation is required for neural crest differentiation through regulation of Sox10 activity.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Stochastic modelling, Bayesian inference, and new in vivo measurements elucidate the debated mtDNA bottleneck mechanism

    Iain G Johnston et al.
    New modelling, statistics, and experiments show that cellular populations of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) evolve during development according to solvable stochastic dynamics involving binomial partitioning and random turnover, facilitating a predictive and quantitative theory of the mtDNA bottleneck.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Selecting the most appropriate time points to profile in high-throughput studies

    Michael Kleyman et al.
    The Time Point Selection (or TPS) method is a general protocol for determining sampling rates for high throughout time series biological studies, that is efficient, cheap, scalable and works well for several different types of molecular data.

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