7,161 results found
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Diverse and complex muscle spindle afferent firing properties emerge from multiscale muscle mechanics

    Kyle P Blum et al.
    Diverse muscle spindle firing, critical for a range of sensorimotor behaviors, is compactly explained by first principles of force development in specialized muscle fibers within the sensors.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Stochastic tuning of gene expression enables cellular adaptation in the absence of pre-existing regulatory circuitry

    Peter L Freddolino et al.
    Stochastic tuning of gene expression could be a common mechanism through which eukaryotic cells adapt to challenging external environments, potentially including survival of infectious organisms within the host and adaptation of cancer cells to chemotherapy.
    1. Neuroscience

    Entorhinal cortex receptive fields are modulated by spatial attention, even without movement

    Niklas Wilming et al.
    Moving covert attention can activate spatial representations in the Entorhinal cortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    A double-sided microscope to realize whole-ganglion imaging of membrane potential in the medicinal leech

    Yusuke Tomina, Daniel A Wagenaar
    For the first time, action potentials and subthreshold postsynaptic potentials of almost all individual identifiable neurons within a functional unit of the leech nervous system were simultaneously imaged during sensory processing and behavioral generation.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Existence and functions of a kisspeptin neuropeptide signaling system in a non-chordate deuterostome species

    Tianming Wang et al.
    Identification and functional characterization of the first non-chordate kisspeptin neuropeptide system in the sea cucumber indicates the ancient origin of the intracellular signaling and physiological functions of this molecular system.
    1. Neuroscience

    Synaptotagmin-7 places dense-core vesicles at the cell membrane to promote Munc13-2- and Ca2+-dependent priming

    Bassam Tawfik et al.
    Synaptotagmin-7 acts synergistically with synaptotagmin-1 by placing vesicles close to the plasma membrane within reach of the SNARE/Munc13-complex, supporting their priming and setting the stage for fast and slow fusion.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Neuroscience

    Knockout of Slo2.2 enhances itch, abolishes KNa current, and increases action potential firing frequency in DRG neurons

    Pedro L Martinez-Espinosa et al.
    Sodium-activated potassium ion currents encoded by the kcnt1 gene delay action potential firing in DRG neurons by activity preceding an action potential.
    1. Neuroscience

    Persistent firing in LEC III neurons is differentially modulated by learning and aging

    Carmen Lin et al.
    Temporal associative learning enhances persistent firing in lateral entorhinal cortex (LEC) layer III neurons, while aging decreases persistent firing, leading to cognitive impairments.
    1. Neuroscience

    Temporal evolution of single-cell transcriptomes of Drosophila olfactory projection neurons

    Qijing Xie et al.
    Single-cell transcriptomes of Drosophila olfactory projection neurons correspond to previously defined cell types, exhibit unique characteristics at different developmental stages, and reveal cell-type-specific gene expression programs in development and function.
    1. Neuroscience

    Identification of a Munc13-sensitive step in chromaffin cell large dense-core vesicle exocytosis

    Kwun Nok M Man et al.
    Munc13 proteins are key determinants of large dense-core vesicle (LDCV)-dependent catecholamine release in chromaffin cells.

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