2,288 results found
  1. April 2014

    Episode 11: April 2014

    In this episode we hear about neuropathic pain, gene therapy, insulin production, aging in worms, and how flatworms grow new body parts.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Cell Biology

    Aging, Geroscience and Longevity: A Special Issue

    Edited by Matt Kaeberlein et al.
    eLife is pleased to present a Special Issue to highlight recent advances in the mechanistic understanding of aging and interventions that extend longevity.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Bacterial OTU deubiquitinases regulate substrate ubiquitination upon Legionella infection

    Donghyuk Shin et al.
    A novel class of bacterial OTU deubiquitinases provides insights on the distinct roles of bacterial deubiquitinases in host–pathogen interactions.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Drivers and sites of diversity in the DNA adenine methylomes of 93 Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex clinical isolates

    Samuel J Modlin et al.
    Fully assembled DNA methylomes from phylogeographically diverse clinical Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex isolates reveals 'intercellular mosaic methylation' as a source of epigenetic diversity.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    LRRC8A is essential for hypotonicity-, but not for DAMP-induced NLRP3 inflammasome activation

    Jack P Green et al.
    Depletion of LRRC8A provides genetic evidence for the importance of Cl- channels in NLRP3 activation.
    1. Neuroscience

    The effects of chloride dynamics on substantia nigra pars reticulata responses to pallidal and striatal inputs

    Ryan S Phillips et al.
    The effects of chloride homeostasis can explain diverse responses of basal ganglia output neurons to putatively inhibitory inputs and may tune these neurons' synchrony, oscillations and behavior in decision-making scenarios.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    A Drosophila screen identifies NKCC1 as a modifier of NGLY1 deficiency

    Dana M Talsness et al.
    An ion transporter is hyperglycosylated and 50% less functional in NGLY1-deficient cells, potentially explaining several symptoms of NGLY1 deficiency such as lack of sweat and tears.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Vibrio deploys type 2 secreted lipase to esterify cholesterol with host fatty acids and mediate cell egress

    Suneeta Chimalapati et al.
    Considering the course of a pathogen's evolution, there appears to be interplay between secretion systems, providing unique, synergistic mechanisms to support a successful lifestyle for possibly pathogenesis, symbiosis and/or parasitosis.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Stress-activated MAPK signaling controls fission yeast actomyosin ring integrity by modulating formin For3 levels

    Elisa Gómez-Gil et al.
    Microscopic and biochemical analysis show that the stress-activated MAP kinase pathway targets the formin For3 to modulate actomyosin ring integrity in response to environmental cues.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Flotillin-mediated membrane fluidity controls peptidoglycan synthesis and MreB movement

    Aleksandra Zielińska et al.
    Correct cell wall synthesis in bacteria depends on flotillin-mediated membrane fluidity.

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