6,505 results found
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Somatosensory neurons integrate the geometry of skin deformation and mechanotransduction channels to shape touch sensing

    Alessandro Sanzeni et al.
    Nonlinear elasticity of skin tissues and somatosensory neural responses are combined to predict and test C. elegans processing of touch stimuli and modifications due to changes in the body mechanics.
    1. Developmental Biology

    A structure-based extracellular matrix expansion mechanism of fibrous tissue growth

    Nicholas S Kalson et al.
    Tendon fibroblast cells lay down a collagen matrix template during embryogenesis, and the expansion of this matrix drives post-natal tissue growth.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Rapid changes in tissue mechanics regulate cell behaviour in the developing embryonic brain

    Amelia J Thompson et al.
    During embryonic development, tissue stiffness, which provides an important signal to motile cells, changes locally within tens of minutes in a well-controlled manner.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Interplay of cell dynamics and epithelial tension during morphogenesis of the Drosophila pupal wing

    Raphaël Etournay et al.
    Autonomous patterns of cell contraction in the context of localized apical extracellular matrix constraints specify tissue stresses that reshape the wing epithelium.
    1. Physics of Living Systems
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Global morphogenetic flow is accurately predicted by the spatial distribution of myosin motors

    Sebastian J Streichan et al.
    Epithelial tissue remodeling during Drosophila embryonic development is quantitatively described by a simple law relating myosin activity and cell flow.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Bridging the gap between single-cell migration and collective dynamics

    Florian Thüroff et al.
    A computational model, based on single-cell features like contractility and polarizability, quantitatively describes cellular dynamics from the single cell level up to small cohorts and confluent tissues.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Anillin regulates epithelial cell mechanics by structuring the medial-apical actomyosin network

    Torey R Arnold et al.
    In epithelial cells, anillin organizes the medial-apical actomyosin cortex into a contractile load-bearing structure and increases tissue-level stiffness.
    1. Physics of Living Systems
    2. Developmental Biology

    Unified quantitative characterization of epithelial tissue development

    Boris Guirao et al.
    A new approach measures the respective participations of elementary cell behaviors – such as cell division, intercalation, shape change and death – in the shaping of animal tissues.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Shear-induced damped oscillations in an epithelium depend on actomyosin contraction and E-cadherin cell adhesion

    Ehsan Sadeghipour et al.
    Cell movement toward and away from the midline of an epithelium over tens of hours are caused by spontaneous or externally-applied shear forces to eliminate force imbalances within the tissue.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Deep learning models predict regulatory variants in pancreatic islets and refine type 2 diabetes association signals

    Agata Wesolowska-Andersen et al.
    Combination of deep learning models trained on tissue-specific genomic data and fine-mapping approaches supports efforts to identify causal variants and mechanisms at GWAS loci.

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