1,733 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Introgression shapes fruit color convergence in invasive Galápagos tomato

    Matthew JS Gibson et al.
    A wild tomato species adopts local fruit color via introgression from an endemic relative, during its invasion onto the Galápagos Islands.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Plant Biology

    An effector of the Irish potato famine pathogen antagonizes a host autophagy cargo receptor

    Yasin F Dagdas et al.
    A plant pathogen effector evolved a short linear motif to subvert autophagic defenses by antagonising a host cargo receptor.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    The rise and fall of the Phytophthora infestans lineage that triggered the Irish potato famine

    Kentaro Yoshida et al.
    The strain of Phytophthora infestans that caused the Great Famine in the late 1840s was caused by a single genotype that is distinct from, but closely related to, the most prevalent modern genotype.
    1. Neuroscience

    Potentiation of cerebellar Purkinje cells facilitates whisker reflex adaptation through increased simple spike activity

    Vincenzo Romano et al.
    Physiological and behavioral analyses show that expression of cerebellar whisker learning can be mediated by increased simple spike activity, depending on LTP induction at parallel fiber to Purkinje cell synapses.
    1. Medicine

    TMAO, a seafood-derived molecule, produces diuresis and reduces mortality in heart failure rats

    Marta Gawrys-Kopczynska et al.
    Trimethylamine-oxide (TMAO), a molecule present in seafood, reduces mortality and exerts beneficial effects on the circulatory system in heart failure rats.
    1. Neuroscience

    High and asymmetric somato-dendritic coupling of V1 layer 5 neurons independent of visual stimulation and locomotion

    Valerio Francioni et al.
    Layer 5 neuron apical tuft in mouse visual cortex display widespread, highly correlated calcium signals, with a strong and asymmetric coupling to somatic signals, independent of visual stimulation and locomotion.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Plant Biology

    Fungal effector Ecp6 outcompetes host immune receptor for chitin binding through intrachain LysM dimerization

    Andrea Sánchez-Vallet et al.
    Structural and biochemical analysis of a protein called Ecp6, which is produced by a tomato fungus, reveals how the protein prevents plants from launching an immune response to the chitin in fungal cell walls.
    1. Neuroscience

    APP and APLP2 interact with the synaptic release machinery and facilitate transmitter release at hippocampal synapses

    Tomas Fanutza et al.
    A naturally occurring intracellular peptide, derived by processing the Alzheimer's protein APP, reduces synaptic transmission by acting as a dominant negative of APP.
    1. Neuroscience

    Long-term consequences of the absence of leptin signaling in early life

    Angela M Ramos-Lobo et al.
    A mouse model that grew without functional leptin receptors until adulthood reveals that early defects in leptin signaling lead to permanent metabolic and developmental problems.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    A multidisciplinary approach to a unique palaeolithic human ichnological record from Italy (Bàsura Cave)

    Marco Romano et al.
    Traces of crawling locomotion, including children younger than 3 years old, are documented for the first time in the global human ichnological record.

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