32 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Orofacial Coordination: How do we walk and chew gum at the same time?

    Philippe Morquette, Arlette Kolta
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    1. Neuroscience

    Monosynaptic premotor circuit tracing reveals neural substrates for oro-motor coordination

    Edward Stanek IV et al.
    Retrograde tracing of the neural circuits that control movement of the jaw and tongue reveals how shared premotor neurons help to ensure coordinated muscle activity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Acute intermittent hypoxia enhances corticospinal synaptic plasticity in humans

    Lasse Christiansen et al.
    Acute intermittent hypoxia is a noninvasive approach that enhances corticospinal function in humans, likely through alterations in corticospinal-motoneuronal synaptic transmission.
    1. Neuroscience

    Epigenetic regulation of lateralized fetal spinal gene expression underlies hemispheric asymmetries

    Sebastian Ocklenburg et al.
    Gene expression asymmetries in fetal spinal cord are triggered by epigenetic mechanisms suggesting that handedness has a spinal instead of a cortical origin.
    1. Neuroscience

    Atoh1-dependent rhombic lip neurons are required for temporal delay between independent respiratory oscillators in embryonic mice

    Srinivasan Tupal et al.
    The rhythmic patterns of activity that underlie breathing are generated and coordinated by distinct populations of neurons within the brainstem.
    1. Neuroscience

    Activity dynamics of amygdala GABAergic neurons during cataplexy of narcolepsy

    Ying Sun et al.
    Deep brain calcium imaging reveals the abnormal neuronal activity patterns of the amygdala GABAergic neurons in an animal model of human sleep disorder narcolepsy.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Direction-dependent arm kinematics reveal optimal integration of gravity cues

    Jeremie Gaveau et al.
    Theoretical models and experimental results reveal how the optimal integration of gravity cues fine tunes movement kinematics so that motor effort is minimized in the ubiquitous gravity field.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dbx1 precursor cells are a source of inspiratory XII premotoneurons

    Ann L Revill et al.
    Building on previous work (Wang et al., 2014), we use a combination of genetic, electrophysiology and laser ablation approaches to identify a developmentally defined population of neurons that are a significant source of clinically relevant inspiratory drive to XII motoneurons.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Distributed task-specific processing of somatosensory feedback for voluntary motor control

    Mohsen Omrani et al.
    Somatosensory feedback is transmitted to many sensory and motor cortical regions within 25 milliseconds and ongoing behavioural tasks alter the spatiotemporal pattern of this perturbation-related activity, supporting rapid motor responses to attain behavioural goals.
    1. Neuroscience

    Computational modeling of brainstem circuits controlling locomotor frequency and gait

    Jessica Ausborn et al.
    A new computational model of brainstem control of locomotor speed and gait was developed to reproduce and explain recent experimental data and propose predictions for subsequent experimental testing.

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