69 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    The generation of cortical novelty responses through inhibitory plasticity

    Auguste Schulz et al.
    Inhibitory synaptic plasticity provides a flexible and biologically plausible circuit mechanism to detect the novelty of bottom-up stimuli and to generate stimulus-specific adaptation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Direct extraction of signal and noise correlations from two-photon calcium imaging of ensemble neuronal activity

    Anuththara Rupasinghe et al.
    An inference paradigm for extracting neuronal correlations from two-photon imaging data, without requiring intermediate spike deconvolution, provides significant performance gains over existing methods as demonstrated by theoretical analysis, simulation studies, and real-data applications.
    1. Neuroscience

    Non-canonical role for Lpar1-EGFP subplate neurons in early postnatal mouse somatosensory cortex

    Filippo Ghezzi et al.
    A combined developmental genetics, electrophysiology, and optical approach identify two distinct and dynamic components of the developing neuronal circuit that relay and interpret thalamic input in primary sensory neocortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    Corticothalamic gating of population auditory thalamocortical transmission in mouse

    Baher A Ibrahim et al.
    Sensory stimulation produces stochastic population responses in the cortex that are governed by layer 6 cortico-reticular projections that modulate thalamic synchrony.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dissociation of task engagement and arousal effects in auditory cortex and midbrain

    Daniela Saderi et al.
    Data collected from two important auditory brain areas distinguish effects of generalized arousal and specific task engagement on neural sensory coding.
    1. Neuroscience

    Microsecond interaural time difference discrimination restored by cochlear implants after neonatal deafness

    Nicole Rosskothen-Kuhl et al.
    Early deaf human CI users are often insensitive to sub-millisecond interaural time differences (ITDs); however, with synchronized CIs, early deafened rats learned to lateralize small ITDs near 50 µs.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Dysregulation of sonic hedgehog signaling causes hearing loss in ciliopathy mouse models

    Kyeong-Hye Moon et al.
    Developmental defects of the cochlea caused by dysregulation of sonic hedgehog signaling are the potential etiology for hearing loss in a group of ciliopathies with defective ciliogenesis.
    1. Neuroscience

    Abstract rules drive adaptation in the subcortical sensory pathway

    Alejandro Tabas et al.
    Representations in the subcortical sensory pathway do not only adapt to stimulus properties but also rely on the observer’s subjective model of the world.
    1. Neuroscience

    Identification of an inhibitory neuron subtype, the L-stellate cell of the cochlear nucleus

    Tenzin Ngodup et al.
    A major new class of neuronal cell type has been discovered in the auditory system, having features that make it a critical component of auditory processing.
    1. Neuroscience

    Fine-scale computations for adaptive processing in the human brain

    Elisa Zamboni et al.
    Laminar fMRI reveals that adaptive processing involves recurrent processing within visual cortex and top-down influences from posterior parietal cortex via feedback.

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