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    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Sustained expression of HeyL is critical for the proliferation of muscle stem cells in overloaded muscle

    Sumiaki Fukuda et al.
    Proliferating muscle stem cells in overloaded muscle require special molecular mechanisms that differ from well-known myogenic differentiation model.
    1. Neuroscience

    Fast-spiking GABA circuit dynamics in the auditory cortex predict recovery of sensory processing following peripheral nerve damage

    Jennifer Resnik, Daniel B Polley
    Dynamic regulation of feedforward inhibition from parvalbumin-expressing inhibitory neurons is linked to the gradual restoration of cortical sensory processing following auditory nerve damage.
    1. Neuroscience

    Microsecond interaural time difference discrimination restored by cochlear implants after neonatal deafness

    Nicole Rosskothen-Kuhl et al.
    Early deaf human CI users are often insensitive to sub-millisecond interaural time differences (ITDs); however, with synchronized CIs, early deafened rats learned to lateralize small ITDs near 50 µs.
    1. Neuroscience

    Principal cells of the brainstem’s interaural sound level detector are temporal differentiators rather than integrators

    Tom P Franken et al.
    Principal neurons of the brainstem nucleus comparing sound level at the two ears do not have the slow response properties previously attributed to them, but are instead specialized for fast weighing of excitation and inhibition.
    1. Neuroscience

    Membrane properties specialize mammalian inner hair cells for frequency or intensity encoding

    Stuart L Johnson
    Mammalian primary sensory inner hair cells play an active role in auditory information processing, such that they show a preference for either timing or intensity coding.
    1. Neuroscience

    The generation of cortical novelty responses through inhibitory plasticity

    Auguste Schulz et al.
    Inhibitory synaptic plasticity provides a flexible and biologically plausible circuit mechanism to detect the novelty of bottom-up stimuli and to generate stimulus-specific adaptation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Temporal selectivity declines in the aging human auditory cortex

    Julia Erb et al.
    The aged human auditory cortex shows preserved tonotopy, but temporal modulations are represented with a markedly broader tuning, highlighting decreased temporal selectivity as a hallmark of the aging auditory cortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    Abstract rules drive adaptation in the subcortical sensory pathway

    Alejandro Tabas et al.
    Representations in the subcortical sensory pathway do not only adapt to stimulus properties but also rely on the observer’s subjective model of the world.
    1. Neuroscience

    Using an achiasmic human visual system to quantify the relationship between the fMRI BOLD signal and neural response

    Pinglei Bao et al.
    The lower-level retinotopic visual cortex of humans born without the optic chiasm comprises two independent neuronal populations and forms a versatile model for quantifying the relationship between the fMRI BOLD signal and neural response.
    1. Neuroscience

    Identification of an inhibitory neuron subtype, the L-stellate cell of the cochlear nucleus

    Tenzin Ngodup et al.
    A major new class of neuronal cell type has been discovered in the auditory system, having features that make it a critical component of auditory processing.