Computational simulations and mathematical derivations reveal why the response of neural populations to external modulation is sometimes reversed with respect to what intuition would lead to believe in cortical circuits with multiple types of inhibitory neurons.
Ultra-high field neuroimaging dissects the ventral medial geniculate body (vMGB) of the primary auditory pathway from other MGB subregions and reveals that vMGB top-down modulation is relevant for speech recognition.
Everyday soundscapes dynamically engage attention towards target sounds or salient ambient events, with both attentional forms engaging the same fronto-parietal network but in a push-pull competition for limited neural resources.
Structural brain plasticity is encoded in the topographic distribution of Toll receptors and their ability to switch between alternative signalling outcomes, thus translating diverse sensory experience into structural change.
CA1 physiology is altered in the hippocampus of Down syndrome mice during both spatial exploration and rest, paralleled by an increase in populations of interneurons responsible for single cell and network synchronization.