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    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Computational prediction of CTCF/cohesin-based intra-TAD loops that insulate chromatin contacts and gene expression in mouse liver

    Bryan J Matthews, David J Waxman
    Certain types of 3D chromatin loops are easy to predict from existing or easily obtainable 2D information, which benefits gene expression studies in tissues/cells/organisms without extensive pre-existing 3D information.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Analysis of the crystal structure of an active MCM hexamer

    Justin M Miller et al.
    Building on previous work (Froelich et al., 2014), we present the X-ray crystal structure of an active MCM hexamer, which suggests a mechanism for MCM regulation and demonstrates a key interaction between the major domains.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    CDK9-dependent RNA polymerase II pausing controls transcription initiation

    Saskia Gressel et al.
    CDK9 inhibition in human cells uncovers that Pol II pause duration regulates the frequency of productive transcription initiation.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    PUMILIO, but not RBMX, binding is required for regulation of genomic stability by noncoding RNA NORAD

    Mahmoud M Elguindy et al.
    Interaction with PUMILIO is essential for maintenance of genomic stability by the cytoplasmic long noncoding RNA NORAD, whereas binding to RBMX is dispensable for this function.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    High-resolution, genome-wide mapping of positive supercoiling in chromosomes

    Monica S Guo et al.
    GapR-seq enables the global mapping of positive supercoiling in bacteria and yeast, revealing positive supercoils downstream of highly expressed genes and, in yeast, associated with centromeres, pericentromeres, telomeres, replication origins, and R-loops.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    SETD2 is required for DNA double-strand break repair and activation of the p53-mediated checkpoint

    Sílvia Carvalho et al.
    The involvement of SETD2 in an important DNA repair pathway could explain the high frequency of SETD2 mutations in several cancers and may provide an alternative mechanism to evade the p53-mediated checkpoint.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Analysis of meiosis in Pristionchus pacificus reveals plasticity in homolog pairing and synapsis in the nematode lineage

    Regina Rillo-Bohn et al.
    Investigation of meiosis in the nematode Pristionchus pacificus has illuminated evolutionary variation in this essential aspect of reproduction and established a new model for future study.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    SPRTN is a mammalian DNA-binding metalloprotease that resolves DNA-protein crosslinks

    Jaime Lopez-Mosqueda et al.
    SPRTN is a protease essential for the repair of cytotoxic DNA-protein cross links and this function is defective in patients afflicted with Ruijs-Aalfs syndrome -a segmental progeroid syndrome.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Wss1 metalloprotease partners with Cdc48/Doa1 in processing genotoxic SUMO conjugates

    Maxim Y Balakirev et al.
    Wss1 is both a metalloprotease and SUMO ligase found in association with Cdc48 and Doa1 and accumulating in the vacuole upon DNA damage.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Structural basis for the inhibition of RecBCD by Gam and its synergistic antibacterial effect with quinolones

    Martin Wilkinson et al.
    Building on previous work (Wilkinson et al, 2016), it is shown that inhibition of RecBCD-induced DNA break repair can be used as a co-antibacterial strategy with quinolones.