3,417 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Excitatory and inhibitory receptors utilize distinct post- and trans-synaptic mechanisms in vivo

    Taisuke Miyazaki et al.
    Excitatory and inhibitory postsynaptic receptors are maintained at corresponded postsynaptic sites with the different dependency of presynaptic neurons in the mature mammalian brain.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    RNF43 inhibits WNT5A-driven signaling and suppresses melanoma invasion and resistance to the targeted therapy

    Tomasz Radaszkiewicz et al.
    RNF43 interacts with receptor complexes of the Wnt/PCP signaling and its enzymatic activity results in the reduced cells sensitivity to WNT5A what translates in melanoma into decreased invasive properties and increased response to targeted therapies of this skin cancer.
    1. Neuroscience

    NHE6 depletion corrects ApoE4-mediated synaptic impairments and reduces amyloid plaque load

    Theresa Pohlkamp et al.
    Genetic disruption of sodium-hydrogen exchanger 6 (NHE6) reduces amyloid plaques in humanized Alzheimer's disease mouse models and restores normal synaptic responses to neuromodulatory input in humanized ApoE4-expressing animals.
    1. Neuroscience

    Auditory sensory deprivation induced by noise exposure exacerbates cognitive decline in a mouse model of Alzheimer’s disease

    Fabiola Paciello et al.
    Central damage and sensory deprivation caused by noise-induced hearing loss in the pre-symptomatic Alzheimer's disease (AD) phase can compromise auditory cortex-hippocampal circuitry, targeting common pathogenetic pathways, thereby accelerating onset and progression of AD phenotype.
    1. Neuroscience

    Septal cholinergic input to CA2 hippocampal region controls social novelty discrimination via nicotinic receptor-mediated disinhibition

    Domenico Pimpinella et al.
    Acetylcholine, released from cholinergic fibers originating from the medial septum, shapes social memory, and controls the CA2 hippocampal circuit via nicotinic receptors localized on GABAergic interneurons.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The Lon protease temporally restricts polar cell differentiation events during the Caulobacter cell cycle

    Deike J Omnus et al.
    A proteomics-based approach identifies novel substrate proteins of the Lon protease in Caulobacter crescentus and reveals a critical role of Lon in regulating flagella assembly and stalk biogenesis during the cell cycle.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Effect of SARS-CoV-2 proteins on vascular permeability

    Rossana Rauti et al.
    A specific SARS-CoV-2 proteins that affect the vascular permeability and impairs the functionality of other significant organs has been identified.
    1. Neuroscience

    Closed-loop auditory stimulation method to modulate sleep slow waves and motor learning performance in rats

    Carlos G Moreira et al.
    Delivery of auditory triggers as unique slow waves-targeting approach yields efficient, stable, and precise modulation of slow-wave activity in rats.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    HIF1α stabilization in hypoxia is not oxidant-initiated

    Amit Kumar et al.
    The current findings address the redox regulation of hypoxia inducible factor 1α (HIF1α) stability in hypoxia by showing that cytosolic, mitochondrial or lipid ROS are not necessary for HIF1α stabilization in hypoxia.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Decreased recent adaptation at human mendelian disease genes as a possible consequence of interference between advantageous and deleterious variants

    Chenlu Di et al.
    Harmful genetic variants at mendelian disease genes slow down adaptation, by interfering with the spread of adaptive variants in a population.

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