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    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Selective and regulated trapping of nicotinic receptor weak base ligands and relevance to smoking cessation

    Anitha P Govind et al.
    The smoking cessation drug varenicline (Chantix) and other weak base ligands reduce a4b2-type nicotinic receptor (a4b2R) upregulation through slow intracellular release due to selective trapping in acidic vesicles that contain a4b2Rs.
    1. Neuroscience

    Reward-based training of recurrent neural networks for cognitive and value-based tasks

    H Francis Song et al.
    A two-part neural network models reward-based training and provides a unified framework in which to study diverse computations that can be compared to electrophysiological recordings from behaving animals.
    1. Neuroscience

    Monosynaptic premotor circuit tracing reveals neural substrates for oro-motor coordination

    Edward Stanek IV et al.
    Retrograde tracing of the neural circuits that control movement of the jaw and tongue reveals how shared premotor neurons help to ensure coordinated muscle activity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Behavioral training promotes multiple adaptive processes following acute hearing loss

    Peter Keating et al.
    Training enables adult humans to rapidly adapt their sound localization abilities to unilateral hearing loss by combining different strategies that rely on partially distinct neurophysiological substrates.
  1. Interview: Taking perspective

    Ryan Hum’s scientific training has proven valuable to his career in government and policy.
  2. Living Science: Teaching for the future

    Indira M Raman
    Reading and discussing classic papers can be an effective way of teaching graduate students how to learn the skills they will need for a career in research.
  3. Point of View: The future of graduate and postdoctoral training in the biosciences

    Peter Hitchcock et al.
    What can institutions and funding agencies do to address an array of issues facing the biomedical research community in the United States?
    1. Neuroscience

    Learning and Memory: Taking a new look at how flies learn

    Benjamin Kottler, Bruno van Swinderen
    Insight
    Available as:
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    1. Neuroscience

    Rapid whole brain imaging of neural activity in freely behaving larval zebrafish (Danio rerio)

    Lin Cong et al.
    The integration of a novel high spatiotemporal resolution volume imaging technique and a fast 3D tracking system allows capturing whole brain neural activities in a freely behaving larval zebrafish.