19 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Whole brain comparative anatomy using connectivity blueprints

    Rogier B Mars et al.
    White matter connectivity assessed using diffusion MRI allows one to compare whole-brain organization between different animal species in a quantitative fashion, identifying homologous areas and regions of unique specialization.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Inferring multi-scale neural mechanisms with brain network modelling

    Michael Schirner et al.
    Hybrid brain network models predict neurophysiological processes that link structural and functional empirical data across scales and modalities in order to better understand neural information processing and its relation to brain function.
    1. Neuroscience

    Anatomical and functional organization of the human substantia nigra and its connections

    Yu Zhang et al.
    The human substantia nigra can be parcellated into three subdivisions that subserve emotional, cognitive and somatomotor function.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Early tissue damage and microstructural reorganization predict disease severity in experimental epilepsy

    Philipp Janz et al.
    Non-invasive imaging of hippocampal neurodegeneration and structural reorganization during epileptogenesis allows the prediction of disease severity in mesial temporal lobe epilepsy, which may facilitate the early pharmacological intervention before seizure onset.
    1. Neuroscience

    Visual field map clusters in human frontoparietal cortex

    Wayne E Mackey et al.
    Topographic maps of space in frontal and parietal cortex are organized into clusters, similar to visual cortex, where multiple maps of polar angle share a confluent fovea.
    1. Neuroscience

    Rapid short-term reorganization in the language network

    Gesa Hartwigsen et al.
    The beneficial contribution of a language network for a specific function depends on the level of functional disruption and may reflect the differential compensatory potential of distinct language networks.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Bottom-up and top-down computations in word- and face-selective cortex

    Kendrick N Kay, Jason D Yeatman
    A computational model reveals how response properties of category-selective regions in the visual cortex reflect both bottom-up stimulus-driven signals and top-down attentional signals from the parietal cortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    The cortical connectivity of the periaqueductal gray and the conditioned response to the threat of breathlessness

    Olivia K Faull, Kyle TS Pattinson
    Building on previous work (Faull et al, 2016), it shown that the different connectivity profiles of the individual columns of the human periaqueductal gray support their proposed roles in human threat behaviours, such as freezing or fight/flight.
    1. Neuroscience

    A hierarchy of timescales explains distinct effects of local inhibition of primary visual cortex and frontal eye fields

    Luca Cocchi et al.
    The selective effect of local inhibition on diffuse patterns of brain connectivity can be accounted for by an intrinsic hierarchical ordering of cortical timescales.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Adult axolotls can regenerate original neuronal diversity in response to brain injury

    Ryoji Amamoto et al.
    Upon injury, the regeneration of the adult axolotl brain rebuilds neuronal diversity, but alters the original long-distance circuitry and tissue architecture.

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