18 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    A hierarchy of timescales explains distinct effects of local inhibition of primary visual cortex and frontal eye fields

    Luca Cocchi et al.
    The selective effect of local inhibition on diffuse patterns of brain connectivity can be accounted for by an intrinsic hierarchical ordering of cortical timescales.
    1. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells
    2. Neuroscience

    Adult axolotls can regenerate original neuronal diversity in response to brain injury

    Ryoji Amamoto et al.
    Upon injury, the regeneration of the adult axolotl brain rebuilds neuronal diversity, but alters the original long-distance circuitry and tissue architecture.
    1. Neuroscience

    Rapid short-term reorganization in the language network

    Gesa Hartwigsen et al.
    The beneficial contribution of a language network for a specific function depends on the level of functional disruption and may reflect the differential compensatory potential of distinct language networks.
    1. Neuroscience

    Conditioned respiratory threat in the subdivisions of the human periaqueductal gray

    Olivia K Faull et al.
    High-resolution imaging shows that the different columns of the human periaqueductal gray play differential roles in the response to a respiratory threat.
    1. Neuroscience

    Resting state functional connectivity in the human spinal cord

    Robert L Barry et al.
    Resting state spinal fMRI will be useful in studies of normal spinal cord function and central nervous system disorders.
    1. Neuroscience

    Ventromedial prefrontal cortex stimulation enhances memory and hippocampal neurogenesis in the middle-aged rats

    Albert Liu et al.
    High-frequency stimulation of the ventromedial prefrontal cortex, which enhances memory and hippocampal neurogenesis, is a novel target for treatment of dementia-related diseases.
    1. Neuroscience

    Normalisation of brain connectivity through compensatory behaviour, despite congenital hand absence

    Avital Hahamy et al.
    Building on previous work (Makin et al., 2013), we show that the brains of individuals born without a hand adaptively change to compensate for their disability.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Early tissue damage and microstructural reorganization predict disease severity in experimental epilepsy

    Philipp Janz et al.
    Non-invasive imaging of hippocampal neurodegeneration and structural reorganization during epileptogenesis allows the prediction of disease severity in mesial temporal lobe epilepsy, which may facilitate the early pharmacological intervention before seizure onset.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Inferring multi-scale neural mechanisms with brain network modelling

    Michael Schirner et al.
    Hybrid brain network models predict neurophysiological processes that link structural and functional empirical data across scales and modalities in order to better understand neural information processing and its relation to brain function.
    1. Neuroscience

    Functional topography of the human entorhinal cortex

    Tobias Navarro Schröder et al.
    By employing high-field fMRI and taking advantage of well-known global connectivity fingerprints and sensitivity to spatial and non-spatial information, it is shown that the entorhinal cortex is primarily divided into anterior and posterior subregions.

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