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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Mia40 is a trans-site receptor that drives protein import into the mitochondrial intermembrane space by hydrophobic substrate binding

    Valentina Peleh et al.
    The import of proteins into the intermembrane space of mitochondria is driven by binding to the trans-site receptor Mia40 and not by the oxidation of cysteine residues.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    A stochastic epigenetic switch controls the dynamics of T-cell lineage commitment

    Kenneth KH Ng et al.
    The timing and outcome of mammalian cell lineage decisions can be controlled by slow, stochastic events on individual regulatory gene loci.
    1. Cell Biology

    Sphingomyelin metabolism controls the shape and function of the Golgi cisternae

    Felix Campelo et al.
    Association of curvature generating proteins to the Golgi membranes by sphingomyelin metabolism essentially controls the flatness of a Golgi cisterna that is necessary for efficient sorting and export.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Inter-membrane association of the Sec and BAM translocons for bacterial outer-membrane biogenesis

    Sara Alvira et al.
    The protein translocation apparatus of the inner- (Sec) and outer-membrane (BAM) interact to form a trans-periplasmic super-complex capable of long-range, PMF-dependent conformational changes to facilitate efficient outer-membrane protein maturation.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Genetics of trans-regulatory variation in gene expression

    Frank Wolfgang Albert et al.
    A genetic mapping study in more than 1000 yeast individuals reveals the complexity of trans-acting genetic influences on transcriptome variation in unprecedented depth and detail.
    1. Neuroscience

    All-trans retinoic acid induces synaptic plasticity in human cortical neurons

    Maximilian Lenz et al.
    The vitamin A derivative, all-trans retinoic acid, induces protein-synthesis-dependent synaptic plasticity in the human brain.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Active presynaptic ribosomes in the mammalian brain, and altered transmitter release after protein synthesis inhibition

    Matthew S Scarnati et al.
    Local presynaptic protein synthesis occurring at established nerve terminals in the mammalian brain provides a mechanism for rapidly controlling or restoring presynaptic proteins that affect neurotransmitter release and presynaptic efficiency.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    sRNA-mediated activation of gene expression by inhibition of 5'-3’ exonucleolytic mRNA degradation

    Sylvain Durand et al.
    Small regulatory RNAs are able to modulate mRNA degradation rates by controlling access to the 5' end of mRNAs in bacteria.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis of mitochondrial translation

    Shintaro Aibara et al.
    Structural analysis of translating human mitoribosome illustrates elemental steps of translation in mitochondria.
    1. Cell Biology

    Translation in amino-acid-poor environments is limited by tRNAGln charging

    Natalya N Pavlova et al.
    Amino acid limitation triggers preferential uncharging of glutamine-specific tRNAs and depletes polyglutamine tract-containing proteins from mammalian cells, revealing a potential role for polyglutamine tracts as sensors of glutamine sufficiency.