728 results found
    1. Cancer Biology

    Squamous trans-differentiation of pancreatic cancer cells promotes stromal inflammation

    Tim DD Somerville et al.
    A major consequence of ductal-to-squamous lineage transition in pancreatic cancer cells is to augment inflammation, which may explain the exceptionally poor clinical outcomes of squamous-subtype tumors.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Manipulation of the human tRNA pool reveals distinct tRNA sets that act in cellular proliferation or cell cycle arrest

    Noa Aharon-Hefetz et al.
    Systematic CRISPR-based editing of tRNA genes revealed that different human cells that span a range of growth rates and different modes of proliferation states require diverse tRNA sets.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The long non-coding RNA Dali is an epigenetic regulator of neural differentiation

    Vladislava Chalei et al.
    Dali regulates transcription of the Pou3f3 locus locally and binds and regulates active promoters in trans by modulating DNA methylation status.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    A stochastic epigenetic switch controls the dynamics of T-cell lineage commitment

    Kenneth KH Ng et al.
    The timing and outcome of mammalian cell lineage decisions can be controlled by slow, stochastic events on individual regulatory gene loci.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Ovaries absent links dLsd1 to HP1a for local H3K4 demethylation required for heterochromatic gene silencing

    Fu Yang et al.
    A Drosophila fertility gene is identified that acts as a linker between HP1a and local H3K4 demethylation during HP1a-mediated gene silencing that is required for ovary development and transposon silencing..
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Germ layer-specific regulation of cell polarity and adhesion gives insight into the evolution of mesoderm

    Miguel Salinas-Saavedra et al.
    The expression of 'bilaterian-mesodermal’ genes changes the epithelial properties of the endomesoderm during the embryogenesis of the cnidarian Nematostella vectensis.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Stem cell-derived cranial and spinal motor neurons reveal proteostatic differences between ALS resistant and sensitive motor neurons

    Disi An et al.
    Stem cell-derived motor neurons with differential ALS vulnerability identified proteasome activity as a possible mechanism that explains their differential sensitivity.
    1. Developmental Biology

    A novel mechanism of gland formation in zebrafish involving transdifferentiation of renal epithelial cells and live cell extrusion

    Richard W Naylor et al.
    A rare example of direct transdifferentiation is discovered in zebrafish in which kidney epithelial cells change into an endocrine gland and undergo live-cell extrusion from the renal tubule.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Single-cell expression profiling reveals dynamic flux of cardiac stromal, vascular and immune cells in health and injury

    Nona Farbehi et al.
    Comprehensive scRNA-seq analysis of cardiac stromal cells in healthy and injured hearts reveals novel cell types and non-linear cell dynamics, providing new insights into cardiac inflammation, fibrosis and repair.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Dynamic effects of genetic variation on gene expression revealed following hypoxic stress in cardiomyocytes

    Michelle C Ward et al.
    Cellular stress in a disease-relevant cell type uncovers novel genetic effects on gene expression, which is likely relevant for disease.

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