152 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Dual expression of Atoh1 and Ikzf2 promotes transformation of adult cochlear supporting cells into outer hair cells

    Suhong Sun et al.
    Adult cochlear supporting cells (SCs) are plastic and respond to ectopic Ikzf2 and Atoh1, and hair cell damage by up-regulating HC and down-regulating their endogenous SC genes.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Glypicans define unique roles for the Hedgehog co-receptors boi and ihog in cytoneme-mediated gradient formation

    Eléanor Simon et al.
    The glypicans Dally-like protein and Dally reveal functional non-redundancy of the Hedgehog co-receptors Boi and Ihog through independent interactions and specifically regulate cytoneme dynamics via the Ihog FNIII domain, thus setting long-range signaling.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Regulated delivery controls Drosophila Hedgehog, Wingless, and Decapentaplegic signaling

    Ryo Hatori et al.
    Delivery of Hedgehog, Decapentaplegic and Wingless to target cells in the Drosophila wing imaginal disc is regulated in both amount and destination, and is not dependent on constitutive release or uptake from a common pool.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    AAV ablates neurogenesis in the adult murine hippocampus

    Stephen Johnston et al.
    Future work using recombinant AAV as an experimental tool in the dentate gyrus or as a gene therapy for diseases of the central nervous system should be carefully evaluated.
    1. Neuroscience

    Distinct forms of synaptic plasticity during ascending vs descending control of medial olivocochlear efferent neurons

    Gabriel E Romero, Laurence O Trussell
    In a fast brainstem relay controlling hearing sensitivity, descending synaptic control from midbrain provides the dominant source of excitation, due to a distinct form of synaptic plasticity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Disrupting cortico-cerebellar communication impairs dexterity

    Jian-Zhong Guo et al.
    The flow of neural activity across the cortico-cerebellar loop enables mice to reach for objects with skill and precision.
    1. Neuroscience

    Role of matrix metalloproteinase-9 in neurodevelopmental deficits and experience-dependent plasticity in Xenopus laevis

    Sayali V Gore et al.
    Chronic dysregulation of matrix-metalloproteinase 9, which is associated with some neurodevelopmental disorders, leads to local hyperconnectivity in the developing brain, resulting in altered sensory processing and increased seizure susceptibility.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    The neuronal calcium sensor Synaptotagmin-1 and SNARE proteins cooperate to dilate fusion pores

    Zhenyong Wu et al.
    During neurotransmitter release, calcium-induced membrane insertion of the C2B domain of Synaptotagmin re-orients the bound SNARE complex which dilates the fusion pore in a mechanical lever action.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Sorting nexin-27 regulates AMPA receptor trafficking through the synaptic adhesion protein LRFN2

    Kirsty J McMillan et al.
    An unbiased proteomic approach identifies a new regulator of AMPA receptor trafficking providing additional insight into synaptic transmission and plasticity.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Action potential-coupled Rho GTPase signaling drives presynaptic plasticity

    Shataakshi Dube O'Neil et al.
    Proteomic and genetic analysis discovers a new cytoskeletal mechanism of presynaptic short-term plasticity common across neuronal cell types.

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