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    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Fluorescence Lifetime Imaging Microscopy reveals rerouting of SNARE trafficking driving dendritic cell activation

    Daniëlle Rianne José Verboogen et al.
    A novel microscopy-based assay shows that dendritic cells encountering pathogenic stimuli form increased complexes of specific SNARE proteins, driving release of large amounts of inflammatory cytokines.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Sec17/Sec18 act twice, enhancing membrane fusion and then disassembling cis-SNARE complexes

    Hongki Song et al.
    Sec17 (αSNAP) and Sec18 (NSF) are shown to act twice, to promote fusion per se and to recycle SNAREs after fusion.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Polo-like kinase-dependent phosphorylation of the synaptonemal complex protein SYP-4 regulates double-strand break formation through a negative feedback loop.

    Saravanapriah Nadarajan et al.
    PLK-1/2-mediated SYP-4 phosphorylation is dependent on crossover precursor formation, triggering a switch in the dynamic state of the synaptonemal complex that reduces the formation of further double-strand breaks at late meiotic prophase.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The laminar organization of the Drosophila ellipsoid body is semaphorin-dependent and prevents the formation of ectopic synaptic connections

    Xiaojun Xie et al.
    The organization of layered/laminated axon projections in specific regions of the fruitfly central brain is regulated by short-range repulsive guidance and is critical for local inhibitory circuit formation and function.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The interactome of the copper transporter ATP7A belongs to a network of neurodevelopmental and neurodegeneration factors

    Heather S Comstra et al.
    The ATP7A interactome is the first comprehensive view of putative Menkes disease neurodegeneration mechanisms.
    1. Neuroscience

    Chronic pain induces generalized enhancement of aversion

    Qiaosheng Zhang et al.
    Chronic pain distorts intensity coding in the anterior cingulate cortex to give rise to generalized anatomically nonspecific enhancement in pain aversion.
    1. Neuroscience

    Analysis of the NK2 homeobox gene ceh-24 reveals sublateral motor neuron control of left-right turning during sleep

    Juliane Schwarz, Henrik Bringmann
    A genetic analysis has identified the cholinergic SIA sublateral motor neurons, which innervate all four body wall muscles separately, as crucial regulators of turning around during sleep in Caenorhabditis elegans.
    1. Neuroscience

    Motor control of Drosophila feeding behavior

    Olivia Schwarz et al.
    The neuroanatomical and functional analysis of genetically-identified motoneurons controlling all major steps of Drosophila proboscis extension provides new insights into the architecture of a motor circuitry controlling a reaching-like behavior.
    1. Neuroscience

    CCR5 is a suppressor for cortical plasticity and hippocampal learning and memory

    Miou Zhou et al.
    Repression of the G protein-coupled chemokine receptor CCR5 enhances MAPK/CREB signaling, long-term potentiation, somatosensory cortical plasticity, and learning and memory, while CCR5 over-activation by viral proteins may contribute to HIV-associated cognitive deficits.
    1. Neuroscience

    A cellular and regulatory map of the cholinergic nervous system of C. elegans

    Laura Pereira et al.
    Analyzing a map of all cholinergic neurons in the nematode C. elegans shows how these neurons are embedded in the C. elegans connectome and reveals the regulatory factors controlling their development.