4,160 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Development: Transforming a transcription factor

    Robert D Burke
    A transcription factor that regulates skeleton formation in sea urchin embryos has evolved a new domain that is essential for this process.
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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A single-parasite transcriptional atlas of Toxoplasma Gondii reveals novel control of antigen expression

    Yuan Xue et al.
    Single-cell RNA-sequencing resolves the transcriptional landscape of asexual development in Toxoplasma gondii, revealing concerted genetic programs to Plasmodiumfalciparum and a novel transcriptional factor that controls antigen switching.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    E. coli TraR allosterically regulates transcription initiation by altering RNA polymerase conformation

    James Chen et al.
    Cryo-electron microscopy structures, combined with biochemical experiments, show how the E. coli F element-encoded TraR protein regulates transcription initiation by altering RNA polymerase conformation and conformational heterogeneity.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Transcriptional adaptation in Caenorhabditis elegans

    Vahan Serobyan et al.
    Genes implicated in mutant mRNA decay and small RNA maturation and transport into the nucleus are required for transcriptional adaptation in C. elegans.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Plant Biology

    The MADS-box transcription factor PHERES1 controls imprinting in the endosperm by binding to domesticated transposons

    Rita A Batista et al.
    Jumping of transposable elements provides DNA-binding sites for the MADS-box transcription factor PHERES1, allowing the regulation of imprinted genes and other key endosperm development genes.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Herpes simplex viral nucleoprotein creates a competitive transcriptional environment facilitating robust viral transcription and host shut off

    Sarah E Dremel, Neal A DeLuca
    Herpes simplex ICP4 preferentially binds to and delineates the viral genome, ultimately resulting in robust viral transcription at the expense of the host.
    1. Neuroscience

    Mapping the transcriptional diversity of genetically and anatomically defined cell populations in the mouse brain

    Ken Sugino et al.
    A transcriptome dataset of nearly 200 genetically identified mouse neuronal cell types revealed that short low-noise homeobox transcription factors and long neuronal effector genes best distinguish neuronal cell types.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Thalidomide promotes degradation of SALL4, a transcription factor implicated in Duane Radial Ray syndrome

    Katherine A Donovan et al.
    Thalidomide and its derivates induce degradation of many C2H2 zinc-finger transcription factors, including SALL4, providing insight into a long-standing mystery in modern pharmacology, and starting points for future drug development.
    1. Neuroscience

    Salient experiences are represented by unique transcriptional signatures in the mouse brain

    Diptendu Mukherjee et al.
    Inducible transcription in the brain encodes detailed aspects of recent experience.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Functional divergence of paralogous transcription factors supported the evolution of biomineralization in echinoderms

    Jian Ming Khor, Charles A Ettensohn
    A gene duplication event has permitted the functional specialization of a homeodomain transcription factor through changes in exon-intron organization and these changes have supported the evolution of a major, phylum-level morphological novelty.

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