927 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Secondary ossification center induces and protects growth plate structure

    Meng Xie et al.
    The principle underlying the appearance of the growth plate, an organ responsible for longitudinal growth, has implications for various cartilage pathologies including growth abnormalities in children, trauma and osteoarthritis.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Stem cell niche exit in C. elegans via orientation and segregation of daughter cells by a cryptic cell outside the niche

    Kacy L Gordon et al.
    A previously undetected dynamic cell structure orients the mitotic spindle of germ stem cells and grows over one daughter cell, thus helping to balance niche retention with niche exit.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    A positive feedback loop between Myc and aerobic glycolysis sustains tumor growth in a Drosophila tumor model

    Kenneth Kin Lam Wong et al.
    Specific molecular links that orchestrate growth signals and metabolic reprogramming to achieve tumorigenesis are identified as potential metabolic vulnerabilities in cancer treatment.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    The transpeptidase PBP2 governs initial localization and activity of the major cell-wall synthesis machinery in E. coli

    Gizem Özbaykal et al.
    For initiation of cell-wall insertion, the cross-linking enzyme PBP2 stably binds to a component of the cell envelope that is different from MreB filaments.
    1. Cancer Biology

    miR-34a is a microRNA safeguard for Citrobacter-induced inflammatory colon oncogenesis

    Lihua Wang et al.
    miR-34a prevents inflammation-induced colonic regeneration from oncogenesis by simultaneously targeting processes in both immune and epithelial cells, including T helper 17 cell differentiation, recruitment, and IL-17 induced epithelial proliferation.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Genetic specification of left–right asymmetry in the diaphragm muscles and their motor innervation

    Camille Charoy et al.
    Analysis of embryonic mouse diaphragm reveals muscle and nerve left–right asymmetries set by a Nodal-dependent genetic cascade, which imprints different molecular signatures to left and right motoneurons that shape their innervation pattern.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Plant Biology

    Kinetics of the LOV domain of ZEITLUPE determine its circadian function in Arabidopsis

    Ashutosh Pudasaini et al.
    In the plant circadian clock photoreceptor ZEITLUPE, evolutionarily selected residues distinguish photocycle kinetics and allosteric signal transduction pathways to permit proper circadian timing.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Mutation in ATG5 reduces autophagy and leads to ataxia with developmental delay

    Myungjin Kim et al.
    A genetic mutation that impairs autophagic flux leads to neurodegeneration and can cause ataxia and developmental delay in children.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Calcium handling precedes cardiac differentiation to initiate the first heartbeat

    Richard CV Tyser et al.
    High-resolution live imaging reveals how and when the mouse heart first starts to beat during development and how the onset of beating impacts on heart muscle cell maturation and heart formation.
    1. Cell Biology

    Spatiotemporal regulation of autophagy during Caenorhabditis elegans aging

    Jessica T Chang et al.
    Autophagic flux assays in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans suggest that autophagy decreases during normal aging, whereas long-lived daf-2 and glp-1 mutants maintain autophagic capacity in distinct spatiotemporal-specific manners to extend lifespan.

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