The transcription factor Pou3f1 triggers embryonic stem cells to become neuronal progenitor cells in two ways: by activating the expression of pro-neuronal genes and by blocking external inhibitory signaling cascades.
The requirements for preinitiation complex formation/stability and transcription by RNA polymerase II in yeast cells are different from those in vitro, thereby altering the current view of basal transcription.
Bacteria use the transcription factor binding region of their transcription activator-like effectors to hijack host basal transcription factor to cause rice diseases by activating host susceptibility genes.
The hypoxia-inducible factor HIF drives transcription of the gene cyp-36A1, which encodes a cytochrome P450 enzyme that acts via a putative intercellular signal to regulate the nuclear receptor NHR-46 and consequently stress resistance and behavior.
Integrative structural biology reveals a novel complex comprising the TATA-box-binding protein, TBP, and two subunits, TAF11 and TAF13, of General Transcription Factor TFIID, suggesting a new regulatory state in TFIID function in RNA polymerase II transcription initiation.
The phosphate starvation response network in a commensal yeast evolved to expand its downstream targets via changes in the main transcription factor's dependence on its co-activator, potentially altering the physiological response.
Hermaphroditic Caenorhabditis elegans slow the onset of mating-induced death through self-sperm-regulated insulin-like gene expression, which regulates the activity of the IIS/FOXO pathway, mTOR signaling, and the TFEB/HLH-30 transcription factor.