1,934 results found
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Molecular architecture of human polycomb repressive complex 2

    Claudio Ciferri et al.
    Electron microscopy has been used to produce the first three-dimensional image of the PRC2 gene-silencing complex.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Sequence specific detection of bacterial 23S ribosomal RNA by TLR13

    Xiao-Dong Li, Zhijian J Chen
    A pattern recognition receptor called toll-like receptor 13 detects pathogens in a manner that is different to that seen in other pathogen sensors.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Sodium taurocholate cotransporting polypeptide is a functional receptor for human hepatitis B and D virus

    Huan Yan et al.
    Biochemical and genetic tests have revealed that a liver protein called NTCP is a functional receptor for hepatitis B and D viruses, which should lead to an improved understanding of the infections caused by these viruses and assist the development of new intervention strategies.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Elba, a novel developmentally regulated chromatin boundary factor is a hetero-tripartite DNA binding complex

    Tsutomu Aoki et al.
    A chromatin boundary factor that is only active during early embryo development has been discovered in Drosophila.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Cancer: How does doxorubicin work?

    Anand G Patel, Scott H Kaufmann
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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    KDM2B links the Polycomb Repressive Complex 1 (PRC1) to recognition of CpG islands

    Anca M Farcas et al.
    A protein that can recognize regions of DNA with a high proportion of unmethylated CpG dinucleotides, and then recruit polycomb group proteins to these CpG islands, has been identified.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    DNA-PK is a DNA sensor for IRF-3-dependent innate immunity

    Brian J Ferguson et al.
    Experiments in mice have shown than an enzyme that repairs broken DNA inside the nucleus also has a central role in the innate immune system because it is able to detect foreign DNA outside the nucleus.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Meiosis I chromosome segregation is established through regulation of microtubule–kinetochore interactions

    Matthew P Miller et al.
    Preventing premature interactions between microtubules and protein-based structures called kinetochores ensures that chromosomes are segregated by meiosis rather than mitosis in reproductive cells.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    NOVA-dependent regulation of cryptic NMD exons controls synaptic protein levels after seizure

    Taesun Eom et al.
    The HITS-CLIP sequencing method is used to demonstrate that cryptic exons can detect messenger RNA that contains nonsense mutations, and then cause this RNA to decay, which shows that these exons are involved in maintaining the electrical balance of neurons and, possibly, preventing epilepsy.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Cdc48/p97 promotes degradation of aberrant nascent polypeptides bound to the ribosome

    Rati Verma et al.
    The enzyme that collaborates with ubiquitin ligases to promote the release of defective polypeptides from stalled ribosomes in a process named ribosome-associated degradations has been identified as the ATPase Cdc48.

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