1,132 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    A systematically-revised ribosome profiling method for bacteria reveals pauses at single-codon resolution

    Fuad Mohammad et al.
    With the removal of confounding artifacts, ribosome profiling can yield insight into the mechanism of protein synthesis in bacteria at high resolution.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Mismatch repair-signature mutations activate gene enhancers across human colorectal cancer epigenomes

    Stevephen Hung et al.
    Non-coding mutations in microsatellite-instable (MSI) colorectal tumors are prevalent and activate cancer-specific enhancers, thereby disrupting gene expression control.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    FACT and Ubp10 collaborate to modulate H2B deubiquitination and nucleosome dynamics

    Melesse Nune et al.
    The histone chaperone FACT and the deubiquitinating enzyme Ubp10 act in concert to remove ubiquitin from histone H2B in nucleosomes, and likely coordinate nucleosome assembly during DNA replication and transcription.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Determination of host proteins composing the microenvironment of coronavirus replicase complexes by proximity-labeling

    Philip V'kovski et al.
    The molecular microenvironment of coronaviral replicase complexes provides functional and spatial links between conserved cellular processes and viral RNA synthesis, and highlights potential targets for the development of novel antivirals.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    CNTN5-/+or EHMT2-/+human iPSC-derived neurons from individuals with autism develop hyperactive neuronal networks

    Eric Deneault et al.
    Autism-associated iPSC-derived neurons mutant in CNTN5 or EHMT2 are hyperactive.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Fish-hunting cone snail venoms are a rich source of minimized ligands of the vertebrate insulin receptor

    Peter Ahorukomeye et al.
    The unique modus operandi of cone snail venom insulins provides new insight into insulin receptor activation and informs on the design of insulin analogs for the treatment of diabetes.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Hexameric helicase G40P unwinds DNA in single base pair steps

    Michael Schlierf et al.
    Single-molecule FRET experiments reveal that G40P, a DnaB-like helicase, unwinds double-stranded DNA in single base pair steps and its processivity is enhanced by host primase DnaG.
    1. Plant Biology

    Convergent recruitment of TALE homeodomain life cycle regulators to direct sporophyte development in land plants and brown algae

    Alok Arun et al.
    TALE homeodomain transcription factors have been independently recruited to regulate gametophyte to sporophyte transitions in two complex multicellular eukaryotic supergroups, land plants in Archaeplastida and brown algae in Chromalveolata.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Requirements for RNA polymerase II preinitiation complex formation in vivo

    Natalia Petrenko et al.
    The requirements for preinitiation complex formation/stability and transcription by RNA polymerase II in yeast cells are different from those in vitro, thereby altering the current view of basal transcription.

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