22 results found
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    CRISPRi is not strand-specific at all loci and redefines the transcriptional landscape

    Françoise S Howe et al.
    CRISPR interference (CRISPRi), which uses small guide RNAs to target catalytically dead Cas9 protein to chromatin, disrupts existing transcription units and generates new sites for initiation and termination of transcription on both strands of DNA.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Transcription factor clusters regulate genes in eukaryotic cells

    Adam JM Wollman et al.
    Transcription factors form clusters independently of the presence of DNA, which regulate target genes as opposed to individual monomers, addressing a longstanding question of how transcription factors can find gene targets so quickly.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    A promoter interaction map for cardiovascular disease genetics

    Lindsey E Montefiori et al.
    Promoter capture Hi-C in human iPSCs and iPSC-derived cardiomyocytes provides a platform to interrogate gene-regulatory dynamics of cardiomyocyte differentiation and directly links thousands of cardiovascular disease risk loci to hundreds of distal target genes.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Condensin controls cellular RNA levels through the accurate segregation of chromosomes instead of directly regulating transcription

    Clémence Hocquet et al.
    Contrary to the generally accepted model, condensin maintains proper gene expression by promoting the accurate segregation of chromosomes and the partitioning of the RNA-exosome throughout mitosis, instead of directly regulating transcription.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Small molecule inhibition of apicomplexan FtsH1 disrupts plastid biogenesis in human pathogens

    Katherine Amberg-Johnson et al.
    An unbiased chemical screen identifies the AAA+ membrane metalloprotease FtsH1 as a novel apicoplast biogenesis factor and druggable antimalarial target.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Nerve growth factor receptor negates the tumor suppressor p53 as a feedback regulator

    Xiang Zhou et al.
    The nerve growth factor receptor (NGFR) protein regulates p53 via two negative feedback mechanisms, which are hijacked by cancer cells.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    SETD2 is required for DNA double-strand break repair and activation of the p53-mediated checkpoint

    Sílvia Carvalho et al.
    The involvement of SETD2 in an important DNA repair pathway could explain the high frequency of SETD2 mutations in several cancers and may provide an alternative mechanism to evade the p53-mediated checkpoint.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    The dyskerin ribonucleoprotein complex as an OCT4/SOX2 coactivator in embryonic stem cells

    Yick W Fong et al.
    A previously unrecognized transcriptional coactivator function of the dyskerin ribonucleoprotein complex and its associated small nucleolar RNA has been uncovered and mediates embryonic stem cell-specific transcription.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Dynamic regulation of transcription factors by nucleosome remodeling

    Ming Li et al.
    Single molecule DNA unzipping reveals a novel model for the regulation of transcription factors and nucleosome positioning via nucleosome remodeling in yeast.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    MicroRNA-mediated repression of nonsense mRNAs

    Ya Zhao et al.
    microRNAs can serve as a surveillance system to repress nonsense mRNAs by recognizing miRNA-responsive elements in the open reading frame region downstream of the premature termination codon.

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