4,074 results found
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis for transcription complex disruption by the Mfd translocase

    Jin Young Kang et al.
    Seven distinct cryo-electron microscopy structures delineate the elaborate mechanism for how E. coli Mfd, a transcription repair coupling factor, disassembles the RNA polymerase transcription elongation complex to initiate transcription-coupled repair.
    1. Neuroscience

    Mutant huntingtin impairs PNKP and ATXN3, disrupting DNA repair and transcription

    Rui Gao et al.
    Polyglutamine expansion in mutant huntingtin disrupts a novel transcription-coupled DNA repair complex, providing an undescribed mechanism of neuronal toxicity and degeneration in Huntington's disease.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The complete structure of the human TFIIH core complex

    Basil J Greber et al.
    The structure of human transcription factor IIH, a critical DNA repair and transcription initiation factor, has been determined by cryo-electron microscopy.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    E3 ubiquitin ligase Bre1 couples sister chromatid cohesion establishment to DNA replication in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

    Wei Zhang et al.
    E3 ubiquitin ligase Bre1-induced H2B monoubiquitination is epigenetically important for recruiting replication factor Mcm10 and cohesion establishment factors Ctf4, Ctf18 and Eco1 to early replication origins to establish sister chromatid cohesion.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    PARP1-dependent recruitment of the FBXL10-RNF68-RNF2 ubiquitin ligase to sites of DNA damage controls H2A.Z loading

    Gergely Rona et al.
    Upon genotoxic stress, the FBXL10-RNF68-RNF2 ubiquitin ligase complex mono-ubiquitylates histone H2A and mediates H2A/H2A.Z exchange to repress transcription and ensures proper high fidelity homologous recombination repair.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    CTCF confers local nucleosome resiliency after DNA replication and during mitosis

    Nick Owens et al.
    In contrast to other transcription factors, CTCF and Esrrb rapidly regain binding after replication and remain bound to their targets during mitosis, preserving local nucleosome organization throughout the cell cycle.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Integrative genomic analysis of the human immune response to influenza vaccination

    Luis M Franco et al.
    By comparing gene expression in people before and after they received the influenza vaccine, researchers were able to identify genes that contribute to differences in individual responses to vaccination.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    A simple method for generating high-resolution maps of genome-wide protein binding

    Peter J Skene, Steven Henikoff
    Building on previous work (Skene et al., 2014), we show that a new ChIP-seq protocol provides superior resolution and ease of use at low sequence depth of coverage for generating genome-wide maps of protein binding.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    High-resolution and high-accuracy topographic and transcriptional maps of the nucleosome barrier

    Zhijie Chen et al.
    Direct observation of RNA Polymerase II transcription through a single nucleosome at near basepair resolution suggests a mechanism for selective control of gene expression.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    SOX2 O-GlcNAcylation alters its protein-protein interactions and genomic occupancy to modulate gene expression in pluripotent cells

    Samuel A Myers et al.
    A post-translational modification called O-GlcNAcylation modulates the activity of the SOX2 transcription factor in pluripotent stem cells.

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