4,814 results found
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Analysis of the PcrA-RNA polymerase complex reveals a helicase interaction motif and a role for PcrA/UvrD helicase in the suppression of R-loops

    Inigo Urrutia-Irazabal et al.
    RNA polymerase recruits the PcrA DNA helicase via a conserved interaction motif in order to remove R-loops and prevent conflicts with replication.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Ferroptotic stress promotes the accumulation of pro-inflammatory proximal tubular cells in maladaptive renal repair

    Shintaro Ide et al.
    Ferroptotic stress enhances the accumulation of damage-associated inflammatory proximal tubular cell state, thereby promoting maladaptive renal repair and the AKI-to-CKD transition.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Epi-mutations for spermatogenic defects by maternal exposure to di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate

    Yukiko Tando et al.
    Gene analyses reveal the abnormal DNA methylation and expression of the genes essential for spermatogenesis as a cause of spermatogenic defects in offspring induced by maternal exposure of a chemical.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Non-canonical H3K79me2-dependent pathways promote the survival of MLL-rearranged leukemia

    William F Richter et al.
    FLT3-ITD/STAT5A signaling is more sensitive to Dot1L inhibition than the canonical MLL-fusion activated drivers of leukemogenesis, providing a potential therapeutic avenue for one of the most frequent lesions in leukemia.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    KSHV-encoded vCyclin can modulate HIF1α levels to promote DNA replication in hypoxia

    Rajnish Kumar Singh et al.
    KSHV nullifies hypoxic restriction of DNA replication.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Notch-induced endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation governs mouse thymocyte β−selection

    Xia Liu et al.
    Endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation (ERAD) is a critical protein quality control checkpoint for thymocyte β-slection.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Revisiting the guidelines for ending isolation for COVID-19 patients

    Yong Dam Jeong et al.
    Compared with the approach isolating COVID-19 patients for a fixed period, the approach using repeated PCR testing mitigates unnecessarily lengthy isolation of patients while minimizing the risk of further transmission.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    RTN3 inhibits RIG-I-mediated antiviral responses by impairing TRIM25-mediated K63-linked polyubiquitination

    Ziwei Yang et al.
    RTN3 is upregulated upon RNA viral infection, in turn suppresses antiviral responses by impairing TRIM25-mediated RIG-I K63-linked polyubiquitination and decreases neutrophil populations and inflammatory infiltration, representing a novel inflammatory resolution.
    1. Neuroscience

    Transcriptomics-informed large-scale cortical model captures topography of pharmacological neuroimaging effects of LSD

    Joshua B Burt et al.
    Computational models of large-scale cortical dynamics, integrating gene expression mapping to pattern pharmacological modulation across cortex, capture inter-areal topographies of functional connectivity alterations induced by lysergic acid diethylamide, providing a framework for simulating effects of pharmacology in the human brain.

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