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    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Induction of Sertoli-like cells from human fibroblasts by NR5A1 and GATA4

    Jianlin Liang et al.
    In vitro reprogramming of human fibroblasts to Sertoli-like cells with immunosuppressive properties provides platforms for basic research and clinical application.
    1. Neuroscience

    Single-cell transcriptomic evidence for dense intracortical neuropeptide networks

    Stephen J Smith et al.
    Single-cell mRNA sequencing data from mouse neocortex expose evidence for peptidergic neuromodulation networks that locally interconnect every cortical neuron.
    1. Cell Biology

    Crumbs organizes the transport machinery by regulating apical levels of PI(4,5)P2 in Drosophila

    Johanna Lattner et al.
    The polarity protein crumbs controls apical secretion and the architecture of the apical domain by modulating PI(4,5)P2 levels and the organization of apical Rab6-, Rab11-, and Rab30-dependent trafficking.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Free circular introns with an unusual branchpoint in neuronal projections

    Harleen Saini et al.
    A systematic study of RNA localization unexpectedly finds a set of free circular introns with a non-canonical C branchpoint enriched in neuronal projections.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    RNA from a simple-tandem repeat is required for sperm maturation and male fertility in Drosophila melanogaster

    Wilbur Kyle Mills et al.
    Sperm production and male fertility in Drosophila melanogaster depend on transcripts generated from the AAGAG(n) repeated satellite DNA within primary spermatocytes.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Antigen presentation and tumor immunogenicity in cancer immunotherapy response prediction

    Shixiang Wang et al.
    Tumor immunogenicity is quantified with a novel method, and the resulting tumor immunogenicity score is an effective tumor-inherent biomarker for prediction of response to immune checkpoint inhibitors.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    The DNA-binding protein HTa from Thermoplasma acidophilum is an archaeal histone analog

    Antoine Hocher et al.
    In Thermoplasma acidophilum, an archaeon without histones, a DNA-binding protein acquired from bacteria via horizontal gene transfer mediates histone-like chromatin architecture.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Soluble PD-L1 generated by endogenous retroelement exaptation is a receptor antagonist

    Kevin W Ng et al.
    An ancient integration of an endogenous retroelement in the gene encoding PD-L1 is exapted to generate a soluble form that antagonises the suppressive function of the membrane-bound form.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Maternally regulated gastrulation as a source of variation contributing to cavefish forebrain evolution

    Jorge Torres-Paz et al.
    Phenotypic evolution can originate from variations in very precocious developmental events, starting even before fecundation, during the fabrication of the egg in the mother's gonad.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Lactate-mediated epigenetic reprogramming regulates formation of human pancreatic cancer-associated fibroblasts

    Tushar D Bhagat et al.
    Lactate in pancreatic cancer micro-environment can lead to TET enzyme activation and loss of DNA methylation seen in cancer associated fibroblasts.