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    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Identification of scavenger receptor B1 as the airway microfold cell receptor for Mycobacterium tuberculosis

    Haaris S Khan et al.
    Mycobacterium tuberculosis penetrates the airway mucosa through M cells via the mycobacterial virulence factor EsxA and the host M cell surface receptor scavenger receptor B1.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    Claudin-2-dependent paracellular channels are dynamically gated

    Christopher R Weber et al.
    Paracellular, trans-tight junction channels, which communicate between two extracellular compartments without crossing the plasma membrane, are a new class of ion channel with unitary behaviors similar to traditional transmembrane channels.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Fucosylation and protein glycosylation create functional receptors for cholera toxin

    Amberlyn M Wands et al.
    Cholera intoxication of human colonic epithelial cells is dependent on recognition of protein glycosylation and fucosylation, not exclusively on ganglioside recognition as proposed previously.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Glycan-based shaping of the microbiota during primate evolution

    Sumnima Singh et al.
    Ggta1 deletion in mice shapes and reduces the microbiota pathogenicity and probably contributed to the natural selection of GGTA1 loss-of-function mutations in the ancestral primates that gave rise to humans.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cryo-EM structure of the potassium-chloride cotransporter KCC4 in lipid nanodiscs

    Michelle S Reid et al.
    The structure of the potassium-chloride cotransporter KCC4 provides insight into the basis of ion specificity, transport stoichiometry, and activity regulation for a broadly physiologically and clinically important transporter family.
    1. Cell Biology

    Mucosal absorption of therapeutic peptides by harnessing the endogenous sorting of glycosphingolipids

    Maria Daniela Garcia-Castillo et al.
    Non-native synthetic short-chain glycosphingolipids fused to GLP-1 enable intestinal absorption with high bioavailability in vivo.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Molecular architecture underlying fluid absorption by the developing inner ear

    Keiji Honda et al.
    Genome-wide RNA-seq analysis of single cells of the developing mouse endolymphatic sac reveals its molecular-cellular architecture and a model for salt and fluid absorption required for acquisition of normal inner ear structure and function.
    1. Physics of Living Systems
    2. Neuroscience

    Direct mechanical stimulation of tip links in hair cells through DNA tethers

    Aakash Basu et al.
    The ability of hair cells to produce an electrical signal in response to a mechanical stimulus stems from tension in the elastic tip links within the bundles.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Pivotal role for skin transendothelial radio-resistant anti-inflammatory macrophages in tissue repair

    Olga Barreiro et al.
    A new type of skin perivascular macrophages with extramedullary origin, access to blood and exclusive anti-inflammatory reparative properties has been characterized.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Molecular principles of assembly, activation, and inhibition in epithelial sodium channel

    Sigrid Noreng et al.
    The in-depth structural and functional work provide a deeper understanding as to how the epithelial sodium channel is a heteromeric ion channel that is regulated by Na+ and proteolysis.